Wunderlich, R. K. and Hutcheon, I. D. and Wasserburg, G. J. and Blake, G. A. (1992) Laser-induced isotopic selectivity in the resonance ionization of Os. International Journal of Mass Spectrometry and Ion Processes, 115 (2-3). pp. 123-155. ISSN 0168-1176 http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20120912-112611849
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Isotope selective effects in resonance ionization mass spectrometry (RIMS) pose a potentially serious limitation to the application of this technique to the precise and reproducible measurement of isotope ratios. In order to identify some of the underlying causes of isotope selectivity in RIMS and to establish procedures for minimizing these effects, we investigated laser-induced isotope selectivity in the resonance ionization of Os. A single-color, one-photon resonant ionization scheme was used for several different transitions to produce Os photoions from a thermal atomization source. Variations in Os isotope ratios were studied as a function of laser parameters such as wavelength, bandwidth, power and polarization state. Isotope selectivity is strongly dependent on laser power and wavelength, even when the bandwidth of the laser radiation is much larger than the optical isotope shift. Variations in the ^(190)Os/^(188)Os ratio of ≈20% for a detuning of 0.8 cm^(−1) were observed on a transition with a small oscillator strength. Large even—odd isotope selectivity with a 13% depletion of ^(189)Os was observed on a ΔJ = +1 transition at low laser intensity; the odd mass Os isotopes are systematically depleted. For ΔJ = −1 and 0 transitions the isotope selectivity was reduced by polarization scrambling and for strongly saturating conditions. A technique employing the wavelength dependence of even—even isotope selectivity as an internal wavelength standard was developed to permit accurate and reproducible wavelength adjustment of the laser radiation. This technique provides control over laser-induced isotope selectivity for single-color ionization and enabled us to obtain reproducible measurements of ^(192)Os/^(188)Os and ^(189)Os/^(190)Os ratios in the saturation regime for a ΔJ = +1 transition with a precision of better than 0.5%. The application of this wavelength-tuning procedure should significantly improve the quality of RIMS isotope ratio data for many elements.
|Additional Information:||© 1992 Elsevier Science Publishers B.V. Received 7 October 1991. We would like to thank D.A. Papanastassiou for assistance in the initial phase of the experiment and K. Habfast and Finnigan-MAT for aid in obtaining the THQ. Stimulating discussions with M.G. Payne, R.E. Baumgarner and P.G. Green are appreciated. We thank D. Tomlinson and M.E. Johnson for manuscript preparation. This work was supported by DOE grant DE FG03-88ER-13851 and NSF grant EAR-8816936 to G.J. Wasserburg. The laser system used in this project was obtained through support from the Packard and Sloan Foundations and NASA grant NAGW-1955 (to G.A.B.).|
|Subject Keywords:||osmium; resonance ionization mass spectrometry; isotope selectivity|
|Official Citation:||R.K. Wunderlich, I.D. Hutcheon, G.J. Wasserburg, G.A. Blake, Laser-induced isotopic selectivity in the resonance ionization of Os, International Journal of Mass Spectrometry and Ion Processes, Volume 115, Issues 2–3, 15 June 1992, Pages 123-155, ISSN 0168-1176, 10.1016/0168-1176(92)85037-Z. (http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/016811769285037Z)|
|Usage Policy:||No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.|
|Deposited By:||Ruth Sustaita|
|Deposited On:||12 Sep 2012 18:47|
|Last Modified:||26 Dec 2012 16:09|
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