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A semianalytic model for photo-induced isotopic fractionation in simple molecules

Liang, Mao-Chang and Blake, Geoffrey A. and Yung, Yuk L. (2004) A semianalytic model for photo-induced isotopic fractionation in simple molecules. Journal of Geophysical Research D, 109 (D10). Art. No. D10308. ISSN 0148-0227. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20120919-093705029

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Abstract

We have developed a semianalytic model for computing the photo-induced isotopic fractionation in simple molecules of interest to the atmospheric science community. The method is based on the Born-Oppenheimer approximation and the Reflection Principle. It has the main advantage of using commonly available input data, namely, the photolysis cross sections for the standard isotopologue/isotopomer and the ground state isotope-specific spectroscopic constants. The isotopic fractionation arises principally from the spectral shift induced by the small difference in zero point energy between isotopologues/isotopomers and the contraction of the wave function due to heavier isotope substitution. The latter effect dominates photolytic fractionation away from the cross section maxima. Our new approach is demonstrated with applications to the diatomic molecules HCl and HI, and the triatomic molecules N_2O and O_3. Agreement between the model and measurements is excellent. New modeling results for the fractionation of ^(15)N^(15)N^(16)O in the stratosphere using the Caltech/JPL two-dimensional model are presented.


Item Type:Article
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2004JD004539DOIUNSPECIFIED
http://www.agu.org/pubs/crossref/2004/2004JD004539.shtmlPublisherUNSPECIFIED
Additional Information:© 2004 American Geophysical Union. Received 14 January 2004; revised 29 March 2004; accepted 2 April 2004; published 26 May 2004. We thank C. D. Camp, M. Gerstell, X. Jiang, V. Natraj, C. D. Parkinson, R. L. Shia, and J. D. Weibel for helpful comments and discussions. We also thank M. S. Johnson for sharing the ab initio calculation of N_2O’s cross sections. This work was supported in part by an NSF grant ATM-9903790. The development of the Caltech/JPL 2-D model was supported by NASA grant NAG1-1806.
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
NSFATM-9903790
NASANAG1-1806
Subject Keywords:0317 Atmospheric Composition and Structure: Chemical kinetic and photochemical properties; 0341 Atmospheric Composition and Structure: Middle atmosphere—constituent transport and chemistry (3334); 3210 Mathematical Geophysics: Modeling; atmospheres, photochemistry, stratosphere
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20120919-093705029
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20120919-093705029
Official Citation:Liang, M.-C., G. A. Blake, and Y. L. Yung (2004), A semianalytic model for photo-induced isotopic fractionation in simple molecules, J. Geophys. Res., 109, D10308, doi:10.1029/2004JD004539.
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:34198
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Ruth Sustaita
Deposited On:19 Sep 2012 17:38
Last Modified:26 Dec 2012 16:12

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