CaltechAUTHORS
  A Caltech Library Service

Modeling of residual spheres for subduction zone earthquakes: 1. Apparent slab penetration signatures in the NW Pacific caused by deep diffuse mantle anomalies

Zhou, Hua-Wei and Anderson, Don L. and Clayton, Robert W. (1990) Modeling of residual spheres for subduction zone earthquakes: 1. Apparent slab penetration signatures in the NW Pacific caused by deep diffuse mantle anomalies. Journal of Geophysical Research B, 95 (B5). pp. 6799-6827. ISSN 0148-0227. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20121003-091115992

[img]
Preview
PDF - Published Version
See Usage Policy.

2149Kb

Use this Persistent URL to link to this item: http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20121003-091115992

Abstract

We have computed focal residual spheres for 145 subduction zone earthquakes along the northwest edge of the Pacific using regional and global mantle velocity models from tomographic inversions. The mantle models explain much of the observed residual sphere data and, to a certain extent, suggest the location of mantle velocity heterogeneities which are responsible for various residual sphere patterns. For most deep events considered, the fast slablike residual sphere anomalies are caused by diffuse heterogeneities, mainly of deep lower mantle and receiver mantle origin rather than by an extension of the slab. The region immediately below the deepest earthquakes, depths of 650–1500 km, has an effect usually smaller than or comparable to the effect of other regions of the mantle. Without a proper account of the teleseismic effect, attributing the long-wavelength anomalies of the residual sphere to near-source slab effects alone, or even primarily, is not valid. The fast bands in many observed residual spheres agree with seismicity trends. Once the deep mantle and receiver mantle effects are removed, these may give the approximate orientation, but not the depth extent, of near-source fast velocities. For most deep earthquakes under Japan the predominant fast band is subhorizontal rather than near vertical. This type feature would be overlooked in conventional residual sphere studies using only steeply diving rays and cosine weighting of the data.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/JB095iB05p06799 DOIUNSPECIFIED
http://www.agu.org/pubs/crossref/1990/JB095iB05p06799.shtmlPublisherUNSPECIFIED
Additional Information:© 1990 American Geophysical Union. Received February 10, 1988; revised October 9, 1989; accepted September 21, 1989. This research was supported by National Science Foundation grants EAR 83-17623 and EAR 85-09350. Contribution No. 4585, Division of Geological and Planetary Sciences, California Institute of Technology.
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
NSFEAR 83-17623
NSFEAR 85-09350
Subject Keywords:Seismology: Structure of the lithosphere and upper mantle; Seismology: Earthquake dynamics; Information Related to Geographic Region: Pacific Ocean; Seismology: Body waves; Seismology: Structure of mantle and core; Tectonophysics: Composition and state of the Earth's interior
Other Numbering System:
Other Numbering System NameOther Numbering System ID
Caltech Division of Geological and Planetary Sciences4585
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20121003-091115992
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20121003-091115992
Official Citation:Zhou, H.-W., D. L. Anderson, and R. W. Clayton (1990), Modeling of residual spheres for subduction zone earthquakes: 1. Apparent slab penetration signatures in the NW Pacific caused by deep diffuse mantle anomalies, J. Geophys. Res., 95(B5), 6799–6827, doi:10.1029/JB095iB05p06799
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:34652
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:03 Oct 2012 16:20
Last Modified:27 Dec 2012 02:48

Repository Staff Only: item control page