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Atmospheric validation of high accuracy CO_2 absorption coefficients for the OCO-2 mission

Thompson, David R. and Benner, D. Chris and Brown, Linda R. and Crisp, David and Devi, V. Malathi and Jiang, Yibo and Natraj, Vijay and Oyafuso, Fabiano and Sung, Keeyoon and Wunch, Debra and Castaño, Rebecca and Miller, Charles E. (2012) Atmospheric validation of high accuracy CO_2 absorption coefficients for the OCO-2 mission. Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer, 113 (17). pp. 2265-2276. ISSN 0022-4073. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20121206-130421014

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Abstract

We describe atmospheric validation of View the MathML source and View the MathML source CO_2 absorption coefficient databases for use by the Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO-2). The OCO-2 mission will collect the measurements needed to estimate column-averaged CO_2 dry air mole fraction within 1 ppm accuracy without the region- or airmass-dependent biases that would significantly degrade efforts to understand carbon sources and sinks on a global scale. To accomplish this, the forward radiative transfer model used to generate synthetic atmospheric spectra for retrievals must achieve unprecedented spectroscopic fidelity within the short wave infrared CO_2 bands sampled by the sensors. The failure of Voigt line shapes and conventional line mixing formulations for such objectives has motivated significant revisions to line shape models used to generate the gas absorption cross sections for the OCO-2 forward model. In this paper, we test line mixing and speed dependent line shapes combined with improved experimental line parameters. We evaluate pre-computed absorption coefficients in the two spectral regions of CO_2 absorbtion using high resolution FT-IR laboratory spectra, atmospheric spectra from the Total Carbon Column Observing Network (TCCON), and medium resolution soundings from the space-based Greenhouse Gases Observing Satellite (GOSAT).


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jqsrt.2012.05.021DOIUNSPECIFIED
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022407312002804PublisherUNSPECIFIED
Additional Information:© 2012 Elsevier. Received 13 March 2012; Received in revised form; 25 May 2012; Accepted 29 May 2012; Available online 12 June2012. We thank the OCO-2 ACOS Level 2 algorithm team including Annmarie Eldering, Vivienne Payne and Michael Gunson. We thank the members of the OCO-2 science team including Eli Mlawer and Iouli Gordon. We have also benefited from the counsel of Mitchio Okumura, Joseph Hodges, and David Long. GOSAT TANSO-FTS spectra were provided to the ACOS Team through a GOSAT Research Announcement (RA) agreement between the California Institute of Technology and the three parties, JAXA, NIES and MOE. The European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) provided meteorological data for initializing the retrievals. The Total Carbon Column Observing Network (TCCON) Archive, operated by he California Institute of Technology, supplied upward-looking measurement. U. S. funding for the Park Falls TCCON station comes from NASA’s Terrestrial Ecology Program, grant number NNX11AG01G. A portion of the research described was carried out at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology and The College of William and Mary under contracts with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Copyright 2012, California Institute of Technology. All Rights Reserved. US Government support acknowledged.
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
NASA Terrestrial Ecology ProgramNNX11AG01G
US Government UNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:Fourier transform spectroscopy; Infrared CO2 spectroscopy; Atmospheric CO2 retrievals; Line shapes; Line mixing; Speed dependence
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20121206-130421014
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20121206-130421014
Official Citation:David R. Thompson, D. Chris Benner, Linda R. Brown, David Crisp, V. Malathy Devi, Yibo Jiang, Vijay Natraj, Fabiano Oyafuso, Keeyoon Sung, Debra Wunch, Rebecca Castaño, Charles E. Miller, Atmospheric validation of high accuracy CO2 absorption coefficients for the OCO-2 mission, Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer, Volume 113, Issue 17, November 2012, Pages 2265-2276, ISSN 0022-4073, 10.1016/j.jqsrt.2012.05.021.
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:35859
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Jason Perez
Deposited On:06 Dec 2012 21:54
Last Modified:06 Dec 2012 21:54

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