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Effect of Cage Size on the Selective Conversion of Methanol to Light Olefins

Bhawe, Yashodhan and Moliner-Marin, Manuel and Lunn, Jonathan D. and Liu, Yu and Malek, Andrzej and Davis, Mark (2012) Effect of Cage Size on the Selective Conversion of Methanol to Light Olefins. ACS Catalysis, 2 (12). pp. 2490-2495. ISSN 2155-5435. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20130124-161852094

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Abstract

Zeolites that contain eight-membered ring pores but different cavity geometries (LEV, CHA, and AFX structure types) are synthesized at similar Si/Al ratios and crystal sizes. These materials are tested as catalysts for the selective conversion of methanol to light olefins. At 400 °C, atmospheric pressure, and 100% conversion of methanol, the ethylene selectivity decreases as the cage size increases. Variations in the Si/Al ratio of the LEV and CHA show that the maximum selectivity occurs at Si/Al = 15–18. Because lower Si/Al ratios tend to produce faster deactivation rates and poorer selectivities, reactivity comparisons between frameworks are performed with solids having a ratio Si/Al = 15–18. With LEV and AFX, the data are the first from materials with this high Si/Al. At similar Si/Al and primary crystallite size, the propylene selectivity for the material with the CHA structure exceeds those from either the LEV or AFX structure. The AFX material gives the shortest reaction lifetime, but has the lowest amount of carbonaceous residue after reaction. Thus, there appears to be an intermediate cage size for maximizing the production of light olefins and propylene selectivities equivalent to or exceeding ethylene selectivities.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/cs300558xDOIUNSPECIFIED
http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/cs300558xPublisherUNSPECIFIED
Additional Information:© 2012 American Chemical Society. Received: August 21, 2012; Revised: October 5, 2012; Published: October 18, 2012. The authors thank The Dow Chemical Company for financial support of this work. The authors also thank Chengli Zu and Suzanne Lehr of Analytical Sciences at The Dow Chemical Company for their assistance with the GC/MS work.
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Funding AgencyGrant Number
Dow Chemical CompanyUNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:methanol-to-olefins; zeolite; CHA; LEV; AFX
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20130124-161852094
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20130124-161852094
Official Citation:Effect of Cage Size on the Selective Conversion of Methanol to Light Olefins Yashodhan Bhawe, Manuel Moliner-Marin, Jonathan D. Lunn, Yu Liu, Andrzej Malek, and Mark Davis ACS Catalysis 2012 2 (12), 2490-2495
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:36577
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Jason Perez
Deposited On:25 Jan 2013 00:28
Last Modified:25 Jan 2013 00:28

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