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Magnetic Properties of Gem-Quality Synthetic Diamonds

Rossman, George and Kirschvink, Joseph L. (1984) Magnetic Properties of Gem-Quality Synthetic Diamonds. Gems and Gemology, 20 (3). pp. 163-166. ISSN 0016-626X. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20130429-140333752

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Abstract

Measurements of the magnetic properties of four gem-quality synthetic diamonds indicate that higher levels of permanent magnetism can be induced in the synthetics than could be induced in a number of gem-quality natural stones. As received, the colored and included synthetics showed much higher levels of magnetism than the natural stones, but one near-colorless synthetic had less magnetism than many of the natural stones. Most of the magnetism of the natural stones is due to surface contamination, which can only be removed by rigorous acid cleaning. After cleaning, the natural diamonds were not only less magnetic than all of the synthetic stones, but they were also more resistant to demagnetization. Significant levels of metallic impurities were detected in most of the synthetics. These results on a limited number of samples suggest that natural diamonds can be distinguished from synthetics on the basis of their magnetic properties, but that in the case of near-colorless, inclusion-free stones, such tests may require sophisticated instrumentation.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://dx.doi.org/10.5741/GEMS.20.3.163DOIUNSPECIFIED
http://www.gia.edu/doi/10_5741-GEMS_20_3_163PublisherUNSPECIFIED
Additional Information:© 1984 Gemological Institute of America. The gem-quality natural and synthetic diamonds were provided for our studies by Chuck Fryer of GIA who, along with Peter Keller of the Los Angeles County Museum of Natural History, brought this problem to our attention. The industrial-quality synthetic diamonds were provided by Dr. A. L. Boetcher of the University of California at Los Angeles. These included diamonds synthesized by the General Electric Corporation and by Dr. S. C. Shaio, Academica Sinica, Institute of Geochemistry, Guiyang, People's Republic of China.
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20130429-140333752
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20130429-140333752
Official Citation:Rossman, George and Kirschvink, Joseph L. (1984) Magnetic Properties of Gem-Quality Synthetic Diamonds. Gems and Gemology, 20 (3). pp. 163-166.
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:38164
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:06 May 2013 19:42
Last Modified:06 May 2013 19:42

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