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In situ magnetic and structural analysis of epitaxial Ni80Fe20 thin films for spin-valve heterostructures

Hashim, I. and Atwater, H. A. (1994) In situ magnetic and structural analysis of epitaxial Ni80Fe20 thin films for spin-valve heterostructures. Journal of Applied Physics, 75 (10). pp. 6516-6518. ISSN 0021-8979. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:HASjap94

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Abstract

We have investigated structural and magnetic properties of epitaxial (100) Ni80Fe20 films grown on relaxed Cu/Si(100) seed layers. The crystallographic texture and orientation of these films was analyzed in situ by reflection high energy electron diffraction (RHEED), and ex situ by x-ray diffraction and cross-sectional transmission electron microscopy (XTEM). In particular, RHEED intensities were recorded during epitaxial growth, and intensity profiles across Bragg rods were used to calculate the surface lattice constant, and hence the film strain. XTEM analysis indicated that the epitaxial films had atomically abrupt interfaces. The magnetic properties of these epitaxial films were measured in situ using magneto-optic Kerr effect magnetometry. Large Hc (10–20 Oe) was observed for epitaxial Ni80Fe20 (100) films less than 10.0 nm thick whereas for larger thicknesses, Hc decreased to a few Oe with the appearance of a uniaxial anisotropy. Correlations were made between magnetic properties of these epitaxial films and the strain in the film.


Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Copyright © 1994 American Institute of Physics. This work was supported by NSF and IBM. We would also like to acknowledge DOE grant DEFG0589ER75511 which made the use of Inel Thin Film Diffractometer possible for x-ray analysis. We thank Kirill Shcheglov and Wurzel Keir for assistance with MOKE software and hardware development, Carol Garland for assistance with electron microscopy, Bruce Gurney for helpful advice in the design of the MOKE magnetometer, and Byungwoo Park and Hyun Song Joo for help with various parts of this project.
Subject Keywords:BINARY ALLOY SYSTEMS; NICKEL BASE ALLOYS; IRON ALLOYS; EPITAXY; THIN FILMS; TEXTURE; TEXTURE; X–RAY DIFFRACTION; ELECTRON DIFFRACTION; TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; SURFACE PROPERTIES; MAGNETO–OPTICAL EFFECTS; KERR EFFECT; MAGNETIC PROPERTIES
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:HASjap94
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:HASjap94
Alternative URL:http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.356933
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:3834
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:13 Jul 2006
Last Modified:26 Dec 2012 08:56

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