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Inertial Taylor Columns and Jupiter's Great Red Spot

Ingersoll, Andrew P. (1969) Inertial Taylor Columns and Jupiter's Great Red Spot. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 26 (4). pp. 744-752. ISSN 0022-4928. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:INGjas69a

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Abstract

A homogeneous fluid is bounded above and below by horizontal plane surfaces in rapid rotation about a vertical axis. An obstacle is attached to one of the surfaces, and at large distances from the obstacle the relative velocity is steady and horizontal. Solutions are obtained as power series expansions in the Rossby number, uniformly valid as the Taylor number approaches infinity. If the height of the obstacle is greater than the Rossby number times the depth, a stagnant region (Taylor column) forms over the obstacle. Outside this region there is a net circulation in a direction opposite the rotation. The shape of the stagnant region and the circulation are uniquely determined as part of the solution. Possible geophysical applications are discussed, and it is shown that stratification renders Taylor columns unlikely on earth, but that the Great Red Spot of Jupiter may be an example of this phenomenon, as Hide has suggested.


Item Type:Article
Additional Information:© Copyright by American Meteorological Society 1969 (Manuscript received July 18, 1968, in final form February 4, 1969) The author wishes to thank Dr. Giulio Venezian for his many helpful suggestions, and for the interest he has shown in this work. Financial support was provided partly by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration under Grant NGL 05-002-003. Contribution No. 1550 of the Division of Geological Sciences, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena.
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:INGjas69a
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:INGjas69a
Alternative URL:http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/1520-0469(1969)026<0744:ITCAJG>2.0.CO;2
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:3988
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Archive Administrator
Deposited On:21 Jul 2006
Last Modified:26 Dec 2012 08:57

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