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A Robust Analog VLSI Motion Sensor Based on the Visual System of the Fly

Harrison, Reid R. and Koch, Christof (1999) A Robust Analog VLSI Motion Sensor Based on the Visual System of the Fly. Autonomous Robots, 7 (3). pp. 211-224. ISSN 0929-5593. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20130816-103144911

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Abstract

Sensing visual motion gives a creature valuable information about its interactions with the environment. Flies in particular use visual motion information to navigate through turbulent air, avoid obstacles, and land safely. Mobile robots are ideal candidates for using this sensory modality to enhance their performance, but so far have been limited by the computational expense of processing video. Also, the complex structure of natural visual scenes poses an algorithmic challenge for extracting useful information in a robust manner. We address both issues by creating a small, low-power visual sensor with integrated analog parallel processing to extract motion in real-time. Because our architecture is based on biological motion detectors, we gain the advantages of this highly evolved system: A design that robustly and continuously extracts relevant information from its visual environment. We show that this sensor is suitable for use in the real world, and demonstrate its ability to compensate for an imperfect motor system in the control of an autonomous robot. The sensor attenuates open-loop rotation by a factor of 31 with less than 1 mW power dissipation.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1008916202887DOIArticle
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1023/A%3A1008916202887PublisherArticle
Additional Information:c1999 Kluwer Academic Publishers. This work was supported by the Center for Neuromorphic Systems Engineering as a part of NSF’s Engineering Research Center program, and by ONR. R.H. was supported by an NDSEG fellowship from ONR and by the NIMH.
Group:Koch Laboratory, KLAB
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Center for Neuromorphic Systems Engineering, CaltechUNSPECIFIED
U.S. Office of Naval Research UNSPECIFIED
NIMHUNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:optomotor system, analog VLSI, optic flow, motion detector, insect vision
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20130816-103144911
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20130816-103144911
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:40385
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: KLAB Import
Deposited On:26 Jan 2008 03:15
Last Modified:02 Oct 2013 18:15

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