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Volatile and Organic Compositions of Sedimentary Rocks in Yellowknife Bay, Gale crater, Mars

Ming, D. W. and Archer, P. D. and Glavin, D. P. and Eigenbrode, J. L. and Franz, H. B. and Sutter, B. and Brunner, A. E. and Stern, J. C. and Freissinet, C. and McAdam, A. C. and Mahaffy, P. R. and Cabane, M. and Coll, P. and Campbell, J. L. and Atreya, S. K. and Niles, P. B. and Bell, J. F., III and Bish, D. L. and Brinckerhoff, W. B. and Buch, A. and Conrad, P. G. and Des Marais, D. J. and Ehlmann, B. L. and Fairén, A. G. and Farley, K. and Flesch, G. J. and Francois, P. and Gellert, R. and Grant, J. A. and Grotzinger, J. P. and Gupta, S. and Herkenhoff, K. E. and Hurowitz, J. A. and Leshin, L. A. and Lewis, K. W. and McLennan, S. M. and Miller, K. E. and Moersch, J. and Morris, R. V. and Navarro-González, R. and Pavlov, A. A. and Perrett, G. M. and Pradler, I. and Squyres, S. W. and Summons, R. E. and Steele, A. and Stolper, E. M. and Sumner, D. Y. and Szopa, C. and Teinturier, S. and Trainer, M. G. and Treiman, A. H. and Vaniman, D. T. and Vasavada, A. R. and Webster, C. R. and Wray, J. J. and Yingst, R. A. (2014) Volatile and Organic Compositions of Sedimentary Rocks in Yellowknife Bay, Gale crater, Mars. Science, 343 (6169). Art. no. 1245267. ISSN 0036-8075. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20131122-100526751

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Abstract

H₂O, CO₂, SO₂, O₂, H₂, H₂S, HCl, chlorinated hydrocarbons, NO and other trace gases were evolved during pyrolysis of two mudstone samples acquired by the Curiosity rover at Yellowknife Bay within Gale crater, Mars. H₂O/OH-bearing phases included 2:1 phyllosilicate(s), bassanite, akaganeite, and amorphous materials. Thermal decomposition of carbonates and combustion of organic materials are candidate sources for the CO₂. Concurrent evolution of O₂ and chlorinated hydrocarbons suggest the presence of oxychlorine phase(s). Sulfides are likely sources for S-bearing species. Higher abundances of chlorinated hydrocarbons in the mudstone compared with Rocknest windblown materials previously analyzed by Curiosity suggest that indigenous martian or meteoritic organic C sources may be preserved in the mudstone; however, the C source for the chlorinated hydrocarbons is not definitively of martian origin.


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http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.1245267 DOIArticle
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http://www.sciencemag.org/content/early/2013/12/05/science.1245267/suppl/DC1PublisherSupplemental material
http://ppi.pds.nasa.gov/Related ItemArchived data in NASA Planetary Data System’s Planetary Plasma Interactions Node
Alternate Title:Exploring Martian Habitability
Additional Information:Copyright 2013 American Association for the Advancement of Science. Submitted Manuscript: 7 November 2013. Received for publication 28 August 2013. Accepted for publication 12 November 2013. Published Online December 9 2013. The authors are indebted to the Mars Science Laboratory Project engineering and management teams for making this mission possible and enhancing science operations. Much of this research was carried out at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, under contract with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). NASA provided support for the development of SAM. Data from these SAM experiments are archived in the Planetary Data System (pds.nasa.gov). Essential contributions to the successful operation of SAM on Mars and the acquisition of this data were provided by the SAM development, operations, and testbed teams. Development and operation of the SAM and APXS instruments were also supported by funds from the French Space Agency, CNES and the Canadian Space Agency. Work in the UK was funded by the UK Space Agency. B. L. E., J. L. E., K. F., D. P. G., J. E. G, K. E. M., S. M. M., J. M., P. B. N., and R. E. S. acknowledge funding support from the NASA ROSES MSL Participating Scientist Program.
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
NASAUNSPECIFIED
French Space AgencyUNSPECIFIED
CNES (France) UNSPECIFIED
Canadian Space Agency (CSA)UNSPECIFIED
UK Space AgencyUNSPECIFIED
NASA ROSES MSL Participating Scientist ProgramUNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:Yellowknife Bay ; Gale Crater ; Mars ; Mars Science Laboratory ; Curiosity
Non-Subject Keywords:Mars Science Laboratory ; Curiosity ; NASA
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20131122-100526751
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20131122-100526751
Official Citation:Volatile and Organic Compositions of Sedimentary Rocks in Yellowknife Bay, Gale Crater, Mars D. W. Ming, P. D. Archer Jr., D. P. Glavin, J. L. Eigenbrode, H. B. Franz, B. Sutter, A. E. Brunner, J. C. Stern, C. Freissinet, A. C. McAdam, P. R. Mahaffy, M. Cabane, P. Coll, J. L. Campbell, S. K. Atreya, P. B. Niles, J. F. Bell III, D. L. Bish, W. B. Brinckerhoff, A. Buch, P. G. Conrad, D. J. Des Marais, B. L. Ehlmann, A. G. Fairén, K. Farley, G. J. Flesch, P. Francois, R. Gellert, J. A. Grant, J. P. Grotzinger, S. Gupta, K. E. Herkenhoff, J. A. Hurowitz, L. A. Leshin, K. W. Lewis, S. M. McLennan, K. E. Miller, J. Moersch, R. V. Morris, R. Navarro-González, A. A. Pavlov, G. M. Perrett, I. Pradler, S. W. Squyres, R. E. Summons, A. Steele, E. M. Stolper, D. Y. Sumner, C. Szopa, S. Teinturier, M. G. Trainer, A. H. Treiman, D. T. Vaniman, A. R. Vasavada, C. R. Webster, J. J. Wray, R. A. Yingst, and MSL Science Team Science 24 January 2014: 343 (6169), 1245267Published online 9 December 2013 [DOI:10.1126/science.1245267]
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:42647
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Shirley Johnson
Deposited On:09 Dec 2013 22:03
Last Modified:25 Jun 2014 21:06

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