Rosenfeld, Moshe and Rambod, Edmond and Gharib, Morteza (1998) Circulation and formation number of laminar vortex rings. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 376 . pp. 297-318. ISSN 0022-1120. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:ROSjfm98
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The formation time scale of axisymmetric vortex rings is studied numerically for relatively long discharge times. Experimental findings on the existence and universality of a formation time scale, referred to as the `formation number', are confirmed. The formation number is indicative of the time at which a vortex ring acquires its maximal circulation. For vortex rings generated by impulsive motion of a piston, the formation number was found to be approximately four, in very good agreement with experimental results. Numerical extensions of the experimental study to other cases, including cases with thick shear layers, show that the scaled circulation of the pinched-off vortex is relatively insensitive to the details of the formation process, such as the velocity programme, velocity profile, vortex generator geometry and the Reynolds number. This finding might also indicate that the properly scaled circulation of steady vortex rings varies very little. The formation number does depend on the velocity profile. Non-impulsive velocity programmes slightly increase the formation number, while non-uniform velocity profiles may decrease it significantly. In the case of a parabolic velocity profile of the discharged flow, for example, the formation number decreases by a factor as large as four. These findings indicate that a major source of the experimentally found small variations in the formation number is the different evolution of the velocity profile of the discharged flow.
|Additional Information:||"Reprinted with the permission of Cambridge University Press." (Received 27 January 1997 and in revised form 24 July 1998).|
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|Deposited On:||17 Jun 2005|
|Last Modified:||30 Sep 2016 17:35|
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