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Changes in the photo-electric threshold of mercury

Dunn, Hugh K. (1927) Changes in the photo-electric threshold of mercury. Physical Review, 29 (5). pp. 693-700. ISSN 0031-899X. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:DUNpr27

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Abstract

Photo-electric threshold for the clean surface.—C. B. Kazda has found the photo-electric threshold of a mercury surface cleansed of impurities by means of a constant overflow. In the present work his value of 2735A for the threshold of clean mercury is checked. Changes in photo-electric threshold of Hg. that take place in a high vacuum.—When the surface flow is allowed to stop in a high vacuum, some impurity attacks the surface, quickly raising the threshold to 2850A. If liquid air is not used, this impurity is present in larger amounts and attacks the running surface. Indications are that a surface film is formed and maintained in spite of the flow when liquid air is not used, or requires two hours or more for removal if liquid air is used. This impurity can not be one of the gases with extremely low melting points. It is not water, but may be a component of the stopcock grease. When the surface is left standing several days in a high vacuum, its threshold falls to 2680A. If liquid air is not used, the standing surface has a limit of 2560A. All of these values are closely reproducible. Indirect effect of hydrogen on the photo-electric threshold of Hg.—Pure hydrogen in contact with the surface does not change the photo-electric behavior. When the mercury is condensed in the presence of hydrogen, some of the gas is dissolved in the metal. This does not change the characteristic threshold of the mercury. It does, however, have the effect of greatly impeding the action of other impurities that form on the surface. This is indicated by the fact that over two hours is required for the change from the threshold of 2735A for the clean surface to the maximum of 2580A, as compared with 13 minutes for this change when hydrogen is not present.


Item Type:Article
Additional Information:©1927 The American Physical Society. Received 30 September 1926. In conclusion, I wish to express my warmest thanks to Professor R. A. Millikan for his direction of the work here reported.
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:DUNpr27
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:DUNpr27
Alternative URL:http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRev.29.693
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:4316
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:21 Aug 2006
Last Modified:26 Dec 2012 08:58

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