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Earthquake early warning application to buildings

Cheng, Ming-Hei and Wu, Stephen and Heaton, Thomas H. and Beck, James L. (2014) Earthquake early warning application to buildings. Engineering Structures, 60 . pp. 155-164. ISSN 0141-0296. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20140501-133917005

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Abstract

In California, United States, an earthquake early warning system is currently being tested through the California Integrated Seismic Network (CISN). The system aims to provide warnings in seconds to tens of seconds prior to the occurrence of ground shaking at a site; since the system broadcasts the location and time of the earthquake, user software can estimate the arrival time and intensity of the expected S-wave. However, the shaking experienced by a user in a tall building will be significantly different from that on the ground. This paper provides a method to develop engineering applications in earthquake early warning system using Performance-based Earthquake Engineering framework. An example is included to estimate the characteristics of shaking that can be expected in mid-rise to high-rise buildings. Potential engineering applications (e.g. elevator control) for buildings based on the prediction of building shaking level are also addressed.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.engstruct.2013.12.033DOIArticle
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0141029613006202PublisherArticle
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Heaton, Thomas H.0000-0003-3363-2197
Additional Information:© 2014 Elsevier Ltd. Received 4 April 2013; Revised 23 December 2013; Accepted 27 December 2013; Available online 23 January 2014. This work is partially supported by National Science Foundation (EAR-1027790), George W. Housner Earthquake Engineering Research Endowment (EAS-41212), Fred L. Hartley Family Foundation, and Croucher Foundation. Their support is gratefully acknowledged.
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
NSFEAR-1027790
George Housner Earthquake Engineering Research EndowmentEAS-41212
Fred L. Hartley Family Foundation UNSPECIFIED
Croucher FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:Earthquake early warning; Performance-based Earthquake Engineering; Seismic intensity; Human motion comfort; Elevator control
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20140501-133917005
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20140501-133917005
Official Citation:Cheng, M. H., S. Wu, et al. (2014). "Earthquake early warning application to buildings." Engineering Structures 60(0): 155-164.
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:45434
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: David McCaslin
Deposited On:01 May 2014 20:53
Last Modified:13 Dec 2016 20:57

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