Mehuys, David and Lang, Robert J. and Mittelstein, Michael and Salzman, Joseph and Yariv, Amnon (1987) Self-stabilized Nonlinear Lateral Modes of Broad Area Lasers. IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics, QE-23 (11). pp. 1909-1920. ISSN 0018-9197. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:MEHieeejqe87
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The lateral modes of broad area lasers are investigated theoretically. The nonlinear interaction between optical field and effective refractive index leads to a saturable nonlinearity in the governing field equation, so that self-modulated solutions are found to be stable with increased current injection above saturation intensity. We derive approximate analytical solutions for traveling wave fields within the broad area laser. The field amplitude consists of a small ripple superimposed on a large dc value. Matching fields at the boundary determines the modulation depth and imparts an overall phase curvature to the traveling wave mode. There are multiple lateral modes for a given set of operating conditions, and modes with successively more lobes in the ripple have greater overall phase curvature. In contrast to the linear problem, several lateral modes can achieve the same modal gain, for a given injected current density, by saturating the gain to different extent. Thus, these modes would exhibit slightly different optical powers.
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