Turchette, Q. A. and Hood, C. J. and Lange, W. and Mabuchi, H. and Kimble, H. J. (1995) Measurement of Conditional Phase Shifts for Quantum Logic. Physical Review Letters, 75 (25). pp. 4710-4713. ISSN 0031-9007. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:TURprl95
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Measurements of the birefringence of a single atom strongly coupled to a high-finesse optical resonator are reported, with nonlinear phase shifts observed for an intracavity photon number much less than one. A proposal to utilize the measured conditional phase shifts for implementing quantum logic via a quantum-phase gate (QPG) is considered. Within the context of a simple model for the field transformation, the parameters of the "truth table" for the QPG are determined.
|Additional Information:||©1995 The American Physical Society Received 12 June 1995 We acknowledge the contributions of R.J. Thompson, S. Lloyd, A. Ekert, and J. Preskill. H.M. holds an NDSEG fellowship. W.L. is supported by DFG. This work is supported by the National Science Foundation (Grant No. PHY-9014547) and the U.S. Office of Naval Research (Contract No. N00014-90-J-1058).|
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|Deposited On:||11 Sep 2006|
|Last Modified:||26 Dec 2012 09:02|
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