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Microfluidic actuation by modulation of surface stresses

Darhuber, Anton A. and Valentino, Joseph P. and Davis, Jeffrey M. and Troian, Sandra M. and Wagner, Sigurd (2003) Microfluidic actuation by modulation of surface stresses. Applied Physics Letters, 82 (4). pp. 657-659. ISSN 0003-6951. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:DARapl03

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Abstract

We demonstrate the active manipulation of nanoliter liquid samples on the surface of a glass or silicon substrate by combining chemical surface patterning with electronically addressable microheater arrays. Hydrophilic lanes designate the possible routes for liquid migration while activation of specific heater elements determine the trajectories. The induced temperature fields spatially modulate the liquid surface tension thereby providing electronic control over the direction, timing, and flow rate of continuous streams or discrete drops. Temperature maps can be programed to move, split, trap, and mix ultrasmall volumes without mechanically moving parts and with low operating voltages of 2–3 V. This method of fluidic actuation allows direct accessibility to liquid samples for handling and diagnostic purposes and provides an attractive platform for palm-sized and battery-powered analysis and synthesis.


Item Type:Article
Additional Information:©2003 American Institute of Physics. (Received 26 June 2002; accepted 21 November 2002) This work is supported by NSF grant CTS-0088774, MRSEC grant DMR-9809483, a NJCST grant, and an NDSEG fellowship (J.M.D.).
Subject Keywords:microfluidics; microactuators; surface tension; thermal stresses; surface diffusion; drops; liquid films; film flow
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:DARapl03
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:DARapl03
Alternative URL:http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.1537512
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:4984
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Archive Administrator
Deposited On:18 Sep 2006
Last Modified:26 Dec 2012 09:03

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