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Plasmoelectric potentials in metal nanostructures

Sheldon, Matthew T. and Van de Groep, Jorik and Brown, Ana M. and Polman, Albert and Atwater, Harry A. (2014) Plasmoelectric potentials in metal nanostructures. Science, 346 (6211). pp. 828-831. ISSN 0036-8075.

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The conversion of optical power to an electrical potential is of general interest for energy applications, and is typically obtained via optical excitation of semiconductor materials. Here, we introduce a new method using an all-metal geometry, based on the plasmon resonance in metal nanostructures. In arrays of Au nanoparticles on an indium-tin-oxide substrate and arrays of 100-nm-diameter holes in 20-nm-thick Au films on a glass substrate, we show negative and positive surface potentials during monochromatic irradiation at wavelengths below or above the plasmon resonance respectively. We observe such plasmoelectric surface potentials as large as 100 mV under 100 mW/cm^2 illumination. Plasmoelectric devices may enable development of entirely new types of all-metal optoelectronic devices that can convert light into electrical energy.

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Additional Information:© 2014 American Association for the Advancement of Science. Received for publication 7 July 2014. Accepted for publication 16 October 2014. Published Online October 30 2014. The authors gratefully acknowledge support from the Department of Energy, Office of Science under grant DE-FG02-07ER46405 (MS and HAA) and for facilities of the DOE “Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion” Energy Frontier Research Center (DE-SC0001293). Work at AMOLF is part of the research program of the Foundation for Fundamental Research on Matter, which is financially supported by the Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO). It is also supported by the European Research Counsel. One of us (AB) acknowledges support from an NSF Graduate Research Fellowship. The data are archived in the laboratory of HAA. Helpful discussions with E. Kosten, V. Brar, D. Callahan, M. Deceglie, A. Leenheer, J. Fakonas, R. van Roij, B.M. Mulder and H.J. Bakker are gratefully acknowledged.
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Department of Energy (DOE)DE-FG02-07ER46405
Department of Energy (DOE) Light Material Interactions Energy Frontier Research CenterDE-SC0001293
Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO)UNSPECIFIED
European Research CounselUNSPECIFIED
NSF Graduate Research FellowshipUNSPECIFIED
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20141103-120329961
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Official Citation:Plasmoelectric potentials in metal nanostructures Matthew T. Sheldon, Jorik van de Groep, Ana M. Brown, Albert Polman, and Harry A. Atwater Science 14 November 2014: 346 (6211), 828-831.Published online 30 October 2014 [DOI:10.1126/science.1258405]
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:51179
Deposited By: George Porter
Deposited On:03 Nov 2014 20:27
Last Modified:04 Dec 2014 15:54

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