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Simultaneous dual-element analyses of refractory metals in naturally occurring matrices using resonance ionization of sputtered atoms

Calaway, W. F. and Wiens, R. C. and Burnett, D. S. and Pellin, M. J. and Gruen, D. M. (1995) Simultaneous dual-element analyses of refractory metals in naturally occurring matrices using resonance ionization of sputtered atoms. Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology A, 13 (3). pp. 1310-1315. ISSN 0734-2101. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:CALjvsta95

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Abstract

The combination of secondary neutral mass spectrometry (SNMS) and resonance ionization spectroscopy (RIS) has been shown to be a powerful tool for the detection of low levels of elemental impurities in solids. Drawbacks of the technique have been the laser-repetition-rate-limited, low duty cycle of the analysis and the fact that RIS schemes are limited to determinations of a single element. These problems have been addressed as part of an ongoing program to explore the usefulness of RIS/SNMS instruments for the analysis of naturally occurring samples. Efficient two-color, two-photon (1+1) resonance ionization schemes were identified for Mo and for four platinum-group elements (Ru, Os, Ir, and Re). Careful selection of the ionization schemes allowed Mo or Ru to be measured simultaneously with Re, Os, or Ir, using two tunable dye lasers and an XeCl excimer laser. Resonance frequencies could be switched easily under computer control, so that all five elements can be rapidly analyzed. In situ measurements of these elements in metal grains from five meteorites were conducted. From the analyses, estimates of the precision and the detection limit of the instrument were made. The trade-off between lower detection limits and rapid multielement RIS analyses is discussed.


Item Type:Article
Additional Information:©1995 American Vacuum Society (Received 21 October 1994; accepted 25 January 1995) The authors thank Paul Carpenter and John Armstrong for their assistance with the SEM and electron probe analyses. Joel Blum is thanked for providing the Ni-Os-Re standard and George Rossman for the laurite sample. This work was supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, BES-Materials Sciences, under Contract No. W-31-109-ENG-38 (ANL) and by NASA Grant No. NAGW 3592 (Caltech).
Subject Keywords:REFRACTORY METALS; CHEMICAL ANALYSIS; SPUTTERING; MASS SPECTRA; IONIZATION; LASER RADIATION; RESONANCE; COMPUTERIZED CONTROL SYSTEMS; METEORITES
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:CALjvsta95
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:CALjvsta95
Alternative URL:http://dx.doi.org/10.1116/1.579556
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:5261
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Archive Administrator
Deposited On:06 Oct 2006
Last Modified:22 Nov 2013 20:13

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