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Shifter Circuits: A Computational Strategy for Dynamic Aspects of Visual Processing

Anderson, C. H. and Van Essen, D. C. (1987) Shifter Circuits: A Computational Strategy for Dynamic Aspects of Visual Processing. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 84 (17). pp. 6297-6301. ISSN 0027-8424. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:ANDpnas87

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Abstract

We propose a general strategy for dynamic control of information flow between arrays of neurons at different levels of the visual pathway, starting in the lateral geniculate nucleus and the geniculorecipient layers of cortical area V1. This strategy can be used for resolving computational problems arising in the domains of stereopsis, directed visual attention, and the perception of moving images. In each of these situations, some means of dynamically controlling how retinal outputs map onto higher-level targets is desirable--in order to achieve binocular fusion, to allow shifts of the focus of attention, and to prevent blurring of moving images. The proposed solution involves what we term ``shifter circuits,'' which allow for dynamic shifts in the relative alignment of input and output arrays without loss of local spatial relationships. The shifts are produced in increments along a succession of relay stages that are linked by diverging excitatory inputs. The direction of shift is controlled at each stage by inhibitory neurons that selectively suppress appropriate sets of ascending inputs. The shifter hypothesis is consistent with available anatomical and physiological evidence on the organization of the primate visual pathway, and it offers a sensible explanation for a variety of otherwise puzzling facts, such as the plethora of cells in the geniculorecipient layers of V1.


Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Copyright © 1987 by the National Academy of Sciences Communicated by John J. Hopfield, May 11, 1987 (received for review March 17, 1987) We thank Eric Mjolsness and many other colleagues for valuable discussions, ideas, and suggestions. This work was supported in part by contract N00014-85K-0068 from the Office of Naval Research to D.C.V.E. The publication costs of this article were defrayed in part by page charge payment. This article must therefore be hereby marked "advertisement" in accordance with 18 U.S.C. §1734 solely to indicate this fact.
Subject Keywords:stereopsis; attention; motion analysis; vision; striate cortex
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:ANDpnas87
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:ANDpnas87
Alternative URL:http://www.pnas.org/cgi/content/abstract/84/17/6297
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:5275
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Archive Administrator
Deposited On:06 Oct 2006
Last Modified:14 Nov 2014 19:19

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