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Cooling magma model for deep volcanic long-period earthquakes

Aso, Naofumi and Tsai, Victor C. (2014) Cooling magma model for deep volcanic long-period earthquakes. Journal of Geophysical Research. Solid Earth, 119 (11). pp. 8442-8456. ISSN 2169-9313. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20150122-080316714

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Abstract

Deep long-period events (DLP events) or deep low-frequency earthquakes (deep LFEs) are deep earthquakes that radiate low-frequency seismic waves. While tectonic deep LFEs on plate boundaries are thought to be slip events, there have only been a limited number of studies on the physical mechanism of volcanic DLP events around the Moho (crust-mantle boundary) beneath volcanoes. One reasonable mechanism capable of producing their initial fractures is the effect of thermal stresses. Since ascending magma diapirs tend to stagnate near the Moho, where the vertical gradient of density is high, we suggest that cooling magma may play an important role in volcanic DLP event occurrence. Assuming an initial thermal perturbation of 400°C within a tabular magma of half width 41 m or a cylindrical magma of 74 m radius, thermal strain rates within the intruded magma are higher than tectonic strain rates of ~ 10^(−14) s^(−1) and produce a total strain of 2 × 10^(−4). Shear brittle fractures generated by the thermal strains can produce a compensated linear vector dipole mechanism as observed and potentially also explain the harmonic seismic waveforms from an excited resonance. In our model, we predict correlation between the particular shape of the cluster and the orientation of focal mechanisms, which is partly supported by observations of Aso and Ide (2014). To assess the generality of our cooling magma model as a cause for volcanic DLP events, additional work on relocations and focal mechanisms is essential and would be important to understanding the physical processes causing volcanic DLP events.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2014JB011180 DOIArticle
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2014JB011180/abstractPublisherArticle
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Tsai, Victor C.0000-0003-1809-6672
Additional Information:© 2014 American Geophysical Union. Received 8 APR 2014; Accepted 9 OCT 2014; Accepted article online 16 OCT 2014; Published online 28 NOV 2014. Data related to numerical calculations can be found in the appendices. This work was supported by JSPS (12 J09135). Satoshi Ide and Atsuko Namiki are thanked for discussions throughout this work. Comments from Haruhisa Nakamichi, Mike West, and the Associate Editor helped to improve the manuscript.
Group:Seismological Laboratory
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS)12 J09135
Subject Keywords:volcanic DLP events; cooling magma; CLVD
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20150122-080316714
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20150122-080316714
Official Citation:Aso, N., and V. C. Tsai (2014), Cooling magma model for deep volcanic long-period earthquakes, J. Geophys. Res. Solid Earth, 119, 8442–8456, doi:10.1002/2014JB011180
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:53971
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:22 Jan 2015 21:13
Last Modified:23 Nov 2016 19:31

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