American physicist. Earned his Ph.D.
in Physics at Harvard University in
In the early 1960s, working at the
Lincoln Laboratory of M.I.T., Stanley
carried out computations to
determine properties of the
Heisenberg model near the critical
point. With the help of computers, he
obtained highly accurate numbers for
critical exponents. He found that his
method of high temperature
expansions for describing a phase
transition produced results that were
valid not only in three dimensions,
but surprisingly in two dimensions.
Working with Thomas Kaplan,
Stanley showed that there cannot be
spontaneous magnetization. They
identified what seemed to be a
transition exhibiting a divergent
susceptibility that was clearly related
to the fluctuations of the
magnetization, while the
magnetization itself remained zero.
Owing to this result, experimentalists
became interested in
Subsequently, Stanley became a
leading contributor to statistical
physics and its applications, and to
the physics of complex systems.
H. Eugene Stanley is the
Director of the Center for Polymer
Studies of Boston University.
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