Gerd Binnig and Heinrich Rohrer invented the
Scanning Tunneling Microscope in 1981 working at IBM Zurich.
Binnig also invented the Atomic Force Microscope with Calvin
Quate in 1986 while spending a year at Stanford University.
Binnig and Rohrer received the Nobel Prize for physics in
We have conducted an interview with them on
May 4, 2001 and this page will be updated soon. For now, we
have an analysis of the papers that Binnig and Rohrer wrote
between 1981 and 1986: