Novak, Mladen and Smolčić, Vernesa and Civano, Francesca and Bondi, Marco and Ciliegi, Paolo and Wang, Xiawei and Loeb, Abraham and Banfield, Julie and Bourke, Stephen and Elvis, Martin and Hallinan, Gregg and Intema, Huib T. and Klöckner, Hans-Rainer and Mooley, Kunal and Navarrete, Felipe (2015) New insights from deep VLA data on the potentially recoiling black hole CID-42 in the COSMOS field. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 447 (2). pp. 1282-1288. ISSN 0035-8711. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20150409-133259758
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We present deep 3-GHz Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array (VLA) observations of the potentially recoiling black hole CID-42 in the Cosmic Evolution Survey (COSMOS) field. This galaxy shows two optical nuclei in the Hubble Space Telescope/Advanced Camera for Surveys (HST/ACS) image and a large velocity offset of ≈1300 km s^(−1) between the broad and narrow Hβ emission line although the spectrum is not spacially resolved (Civano et al. 2010). The new 3 GHz VLA data have a bandwidth of 2 GHz and to correctly interpret the flux densities imaging was done with two different methods: multiscale multifrequency (MSMF) synthesis and spectral windows (SPWs) stacking. The final resolutions and sensitivities of these maps are 0.7 arcsec with rms = 4.6 μJy beam^(−1) and 0.9 arcsec with rms = 4.8 μJy beam^(−1), respectively. With a 7σ detection, we find that the entire observed 3-GHz radio emission can be associated with the south-eastern component of CID-42, coincident with the detected X-ray emission. We use our 3 GHz data combined with other radio data from the literature ranging from 320 MHz to 9 GHz, which include the VLA, Very Long Baseline Array (VLBA) and Giant Metrewave Radio Telescope (GMRT) data, to construct a radio synchrotron spectrum of CID-42. The radio spectrum suggests a type I unobscured radio-quiet flat-spectrum active galactic nucleus (AGN) in the south-eastern component which may be surrounded by a more extended region of old synchrotron electron population or shocks generated by the outflow from the supermassive black hole (SMBH). Our data are consistent with the recoiling black hole picture but cannot rule out the presence of an obscured and radio-quiet SMBH in the north-western component.
|Additional Information:||© 2014 The Authors Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society. Accepted 2014 November 20. Received 2014 November 19; in original form 2014 September 25. First published online December 24, 2014. We thank the anonymous referee for providing helpful comments which improved the paper. This research was funded by the European Union’s Seventh Framework programme under grant agreement 337595 (ERC Starting Grant, CoSMass). The National Radio Astronomy Observatory is a facility of the National Science Foundation operated under cooperative agreement by Associated Universities, Inc.|
|Subject Keywords:||galaxies: active galaxies: individual: CID-42 galaxies: interactions galaxies: nuclei radio continuum: galaxies|
|Official Citation:||Mladen Novak, Vernesa Smolčić, Francesca Civano, Marco Bondi, Paolo Ciliegi, Xiawei Wang, Abraham Loeb, Julie Banfield, Stephen Bourke, Martin Elvis, Gregg Hallinan, Huib T. Intema, Hans-Rainer Klöckner, Kunal Mooley, and Felipe Navarrete New insights from deep VLA data on the potentially recoiling black hole CID-42 in the COSMOS field MNRAS (February 21, 2015) Vol. 447 1282-1288 doi:10.1093/mnras/stu2473 First published online December 24, 2014|
|Usage Policy:||No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.|
|Deposited By:||Ruth Sustaita|
|Deposited On:||09 Apr 2015 21:06|
|Last Modified:||13 Jul 2015 15:49|
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