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On the Physical Characteristics of the Perseus Cluster of Nebulae

Zwicky, F. (1942) On the Physical Characteristics of the Perseus Cluster of Nebulae. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 28 (9). pp. 355-361. ISSN 0027-8424. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:ZWIpnas42a

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Abstract

The important question of the segregation of nebulae of different brightness can also only partly be solved until larger Schmidt telescopes are available. In addition, the velocity distribution as a function of the brightness of the nebulae must be investigated. The problems of the segregation of nebulae and of the dispersion in the velocities demand also further theoretical clarification since the classical statistical mechanics gives no answer to the fundamental questions which arise in connection with gravitational cooperative assemblies which are composed of such diverse elements as the nebulae, the stars and the constituents of intergalactic and interstellar matter. The uniformity of the structure of symmetrical clusters of nebulae observed so far and the quantitative agreement of their observed physical characteristics with those derived theoretically for the isothermal gravitational "gas" sphere suggest that the short-time scale associated customarily with the hypothesis of an expanding universe will perhaps become the less attractive the more the investigations on the large-scale distribution of matter in the universe progress.


Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Copyright © 1942 by the National Academy of Sciences Communicated July 31, 1942
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:ZWIpnas42a
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:ZWIpnas42a
Alternative URL:http://www.pnas.org/content/vol28/issue9/
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:5685
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Archive Administrator
Deposited On:27 Oct 2006
Last Modified:14 Nov 2014 19:19

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