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Structure and Regulation of Immunoglobulins: Kappa Allotypes in the Rat have Multiple Amino-Acid Differences in the Constant Region

Gutman, George A. and Loh, Elwyn and Hood, Leroy (1975) Structure and Regulation of Immunoglobulins: Kappa Allotypes in the Rat have Multiple Amino-Acid Differences in the Constant Region. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 72 (12). pp. 5046-5050. ISSN 0027-8424. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:GUTpnas75

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Abstract

Immunoglobulin kappa chains from various inbred strains of rats have two serologically detectable forms that segregate in a Mendelian fashion (allotypes a and b of the RI-1 locus). Partial amino-acid sequences from the constant regions of these two forms have been compared. Of the 81 residues of the constant regions studied, 10 amino-acid substitutions as well as one size difference (sequence gap) were found. This large number of sequence differences among alternative forms of the kappa allotype raises provocative questions as to the genetic and evolutionary implications of these light chain allotypes. We designate allotypes whose alternative forms differ at multiple residue positions as complex allotypes. There are basically two genetic models that might explain complex allotypes. First, these allotypes are alleles of a single structural gene with an unusual evolutionary history. Second, all rats have genes that code for each of the light chain allotypes and a control mechanism that permits them to be expressed so that they mimic a Mendelian pattern of segregation. We discuss evidence from other immunoglobulin systems that is compatible with this second model.


Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Copyright © 1975 by the National Academy of Sciences Communicated by E. B. Lewis, September 15, 1975 The S211 sequence was kindly provided to us before its publication by Dr. Pierre Querinjean, to whom we are grateful. This work was supported by NSF Grant BMS71-0070 and USPHS Grants AI-10781-04 and AI-09072-06. L.H. has a Research Career Development Award from NIH. This work was carried out while G.A.G. was an NIH Postdoctoral Fellow.
Subject Keywords:complex allotypes; amino-aeid sequences; multiple amino-acid substitutions; control gene model
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:GUTpnas75
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:GUTpnas75
Alternative URL:http://www.pnas.org/cgi/content/abstract/72/12/5046
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:5803
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Archive Administrator
Deposited On:02 Nov 2006
Last Modified:14 Nov 2014 19:19

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