Delvecchio, I. and Lutz, D. and Berta, S. and Rosario, D. J. and Zamorani, G. and Pozzi, F. and Gruppioni, C. and Vignali, C. and Brusa, M. and Cimatti, A. and Clements, D. L. and Cooray, A. and Farrah, D. and Lanzuisi, G. and Oliver, S. and Rodighiero, G. and Santini, P. and Symeonidis, M. (2015) Mapping the average AGN accretion rate in the SFR–M_∗ plane for Herschel-selected galaxies at 0 < z ≤ 2.5. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 449 (1). pp. 373-389. ISSN 0035-8711. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20150626-104052498
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We study the relation of AGN accretion, star formation rate (SFR) and stellar mass (M_*) using a sample of ≈8600 star-forming galaxies up to z = 2.5 selected with Herschel imaging in the GOODS and COSMOS fields. For each of them we derive SFR and M_*, both corrected, when necessary, for emission from an active galactic nucleus (AGN), through the decomposition of their spectral energy distributions (SEDs). About 10 per cent of the sample are detected individually in Chandra observations of the fields. For the rest of the sample, we stack the X-ray maps to get average X-ray properties. After subtracting the X-ray luminosity expected from star formation and correcting for nuclear obscuration, we derive the average AGN accretion rate for both detected sources and stacks, as a function of M_*, SFR and redshift. The average accretion rate correlates with SFR and with M_*. The dependence on SFR becomes progressively more significant at z > 0.8. This may suggest that SFR is the original driver of these correlations. We find that average AGN accretion and star formation increase in a similar fashion with offset from the star-forming ‘main-sequence’. Our interpretation is that accretion on to the central black hole and star formation broadly trace each other, irrespective of whether the galaxy is evolving steadily on the main-sequence or bursting.
|Additional Information:||© 2015 The Authors. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society. Accepted 2015 January 28. Received 2015 January 26; in original form 2014 November 13. First published online March 17, 2015. Herschel is an ESA space observatory with science instruments provided by European-led Principal Investigator consortia and with important participation from NASA. The authors are grateful to the referee, J. R. Mullaney, for his constructive report. This paper uses data from Herschel’s photometers PACS and SPIRE. PACS has been developed by a consortium of institutes led by MPE (Germany) and including: UVIE (Austria); KU Leuven, CSL, IMEC (Belgium); CEA, LAM (France); MPIA (Germany); INAF-IFSI/OAA/OAP/OAT, LENS, SISSA (Italy) and IAC (Spain). This development has been supported by the funding agencies BMVIT(Austria),ESA-PRODEX(Belgium),CEA/CNES(France), DLR (Germany), ASI/INAF (Italy), and CICYT/MCYT (Spain). SPIRE has been developed by a consortium of institutes led by Cardiff Univ. (UK) and including: Univ. Lethbridge (Canada); NAOC (China); CEA, LAM (France); IFSI, Univ. Padua (Italy); IAC (Spain); Stockholm Observatory (Sweden); Imperial College London, RAL, UCL-MSSL, UKATC, Univ. Sussex (UK); and Caltech, JPL, NHSC, Univ. Colorado (USA). This development has been supported by national funding agencies: CSA (Canada); NAOC (China); CEA, CNES, CNRS (France); ASI (Italy); MCINN (Spain); SNSB (Sweden); STFC, UKSA (UK); and NASA (USA). Funding for SDSS-III has been provided by the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, the Participating Institutions, the National Science Foundation, and the US Department of Energy Office of Science. The SDSS-III website is http://www.sdss3.org/. SDSS-III is managed by the Astrophysical Research Consortium for the Participating Institutions of the SDSS-III Collaboration including the University of Arizona, the Brazilian Participation Group, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Carnegie Mellon University, University of Florida, the French Participation Group, the German Participation Group, Harvard University, the Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias, the Michigan State/Notre Dame/JINA Participation Group, Johns Hopkins University, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Max Planck Institute for Astrophysics, Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics, New Mexico State University, New York University, Ohio State University, Pennsylvania State University, University of Portsmouth, Princeton University, the Spanish Participation Group, University of Tokyo, University of Utah, Vanderbilt University, University of Virginia, University of Washington and Yale University. Funding for PRIMUS is provided by NSF (AST-0607701, AST-0908246, AST-0908442, AST-0908354) and NASA (Spitzer- 1356708, 08-ADP08-0019, NNX09AC95G). This research has made use of software provided by the Chandra X-ray Center (CXC) in the application package CIAO (v. 4.6). ID is grateful to Jillian Scudder for useful comments, and to Simonetta Puccetti and Nico Cappelluti for providing with X-ray sensitivity maps in the COSMOS field. ID is also thankful to Takamitsu Miyaji for his kind support in using CSTACK, and warmly thanks Fabio Vito for helpful suggestions with X-ray tools and routines to compute intrinsic X-ray luminosities. MB and GL acknowledge support from the FP7 Career Integration Grant ‘eEASy’ (CIG 321913).|
|Subject Keywords:||galaxies: evolution galaxies: nuclei infrared: galaxies|
|Official Citation:||I. Delvecchio, D. Lutz, S. Berta, D. J. Rosario, G. Zamorani, F. Pozzi, C. Gruppioni, C. Vignali, M. Brusa, A. Cimatti, D. L. Clements, A. Cooray, D. Farrah, G. Lanzuisi, S. Oliver, G. Rodighiero, P. Santini, and M. Symeonidis Mapping the average AGN accretion rate in the SFR–M* plane for Herschel-selected galaxies at 0 < z ≤ 2.5 MNRAS (May 1, 2015) Vol. 449 373-389 doi:10.1093/mnras/stv213 First published online March 17, 2015|
|Usage Policy:||No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.|
|Deposited By:||Ruth Sustaita|
|Deposited On:||26 Jun 2015 18:10|
|Last Modified:||07 Dec 2016 18:44|
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