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Revisiting spatial vision: toward a unifying model

Itti, Laurent and Koch, Christof and Braun, Jochen (2000) Revisiting spatial vision: toward a unifying model. Journal of the Optical Society of America A, 17 (11). pp. 1899-1917. ISSN 1084-7529.

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We report contrast detection, contrast increment, contrast masking, orientation discrimination, and spatial frequency discrimination thresholds for spatially localized stimuli at 4° of eccentricity. Our stimulus geometry emphasizes interactions among overlapping visual filters and differs from that used in previous threshold measurements, which also admits interactions among distant filters. We quantitatively account for all measurements by simulating a small population of overlapping visual filters interacting through divisive inhibition. We depart from previous models of this kind in the parameters of divisive inhibition and in using a statistically efficient decision stage based on Fisher information. The success of this unified account suggests that, contrary to Bowne [Vision Res. 30, 449 (1990)], spatial vision thresholds reflect a single level of processing, perhaps as early as primary visual cortex.

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Additional Information:© 2000 Optical Society of America. Received February 24, 2000; revised manuscript received May 10, 2000; accepted July 6, 2000. This work was supported by the National Science Foundation–sponsored Neuromorphic Engineering Research Center, the National Institute of Mental Health, the U.S. Office of Naval Research, and the Sloan Center for Theoretical Neurobiology. We thank Amit Manwani for comments on various theoretical aspects and Pietro Perona for discussions and help with the experimental setup.
Group:Koch Laboratory, KLAB
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Neuromorphic Engineering Research Center, CaltechUNSPECIFIED
National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)UNSPECIFIED
Office of Naval Research (ONR)UNSPECIFIED
Sloan Center for Theoretical NeurobiologyUNSPECIFIED
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:ITTjosaa00
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Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:5881
Deposited By: Archive Administrator
Deposited On:06 Nov 2006
Last Modified:19 Nov 2015 00:17

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