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A simple process to fabricate self-aligned, high-performance torsional microscanners; demonstrated use in a two-dimensional scanner

Choo, H. and Garmire, D. and Demmel, J. and Muller, R. S. (2005) A simple process to fabricate self-aligned, high-performance torsional microscanners; demonstrated use in a two-dimensional scanner. In: IEEE/LEOS International Conference on Optical MEMS and Their Applications Conference, 2005. IEEE , Piscataway, NJ, pp. 21-22. ISBN 0-7803-9278-7 http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20150730-164608152

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Abstract

CMOS-compatible process carried out on SOI wafers, we have built high-performance torsional microscanners having vertically offset interdigitated-comb actuators. Our microscanner-fabrication process requires three photolithography masks: two to form the front-side microscanner structures and a third to define the backside openings. Both moving and fixed combs are fabricated in the same device layer (30 µm in thickness), and the offset combs are created by reducing the thickness of the fixed combs, but not that of the moving combs. Our process begins by removing the 1-µm thick thermal oxide selectively to open rectangular windows at locations where the fixed combs are to be defined. In the following step, both fixed- and moving-comb sets are defined simultaneously with a single photolithography mask; this is followed by deep-reactive ion etching (DRIE). We then perform a tuned-etch in the DRIE-etcher to obtain the desired vertical thickness for the fixed combs without affecting the moving combs. The minimum gap between comb fingers can be as small as twice the alignment accuracy of the photolithography process, which is ≤ 0.4 µm for state-of-the-art photolithography steppers. We consider these microscanners as especially well adapted for applications to refractive laser surgery of ocular corneas where small spot size and high scan speeds are important assets.


Item Type:Book Section
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/OMEMS.2005.1540056DOIArticle
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Additional Information:© 2005 IEEE.
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20150730-164608152
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20150730-164608152
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ID Code:59092
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Kristin Buxton
Deposited On:06 Aug 2015 19:06
Last Modified:08 May 2017 22:59

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