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Microscopic magnetic traps for neutral atoms

Weinstein, J. D. and Libbrecht, K. G. (1995) Microscopic magnetic traps for neutral atoms. Physical Review A, 52 (5). pp. 4004-4009. ISSN 1050-2947. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:WEIpra95

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Abstract

We describe planar and mostly planar current geometries for constructing microscopic magnetic traps for neutral atoms. These geometries are well-suited for fabrication from superconductors using standard microfabrication techniques. Magnetic-field gradients greater than 5×10^5 G/cm, and field curvatures greater than 10^8 G/cm^2 can be produced in microscopic traps. Trap loading could be accomplished by constructing a nested series of traps, and compressing atom clouds from larger traps into smaller ones. In the smallest magnetic microtraps the motional ground-state energy of atoms in the trap can exceed the recoil energy from resonant photons, which may allow direct laser cooling to the trap ground state. If a number of atoms can be simultaneously cooled to the ground state, the resulting "Bose clusters" should exhibit interesting optical behavior, since their spatial extent would be less than the resonant light wavelength.


Item Type:Article
Additional Information:©1995 The American Physical Society Received 13 April 1995
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:WEIpra95
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:WEIpra95
Alternative URL:http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.52.4004
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:6150
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Archive Administrator
Deposited On:27 Nov 2006
Last Modified:22 Jul 2013 23:14

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