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States of matter in massive planets

Stevenson, David J. (1998) States of matter in massive planets. Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter, 10 (49). pp. 11227-11234. ISSN 0953-8984. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:STEjpcm98

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Abstract

This brief article addresses the question: among the very large number of interesting condensed matter physics issues, which are particularly interesting from a planetary perspective? Following some definitions and background, it is argued that we need to understand relevant first-order phase transitions (especially the nature of the hydrogen phase diagram), the behaviour of the entropy (i.e., the Gruneisen parameter), the solubility and partitioning of minor elements (e.g. noble gases mixed with hydrogen), and microscopic transport properties, especially electrical and thermal conductivity. Examples are presented of how these issues influence current interpretations of the observations of Jupiter in particular. In the future, it may be possible to observe spectroscopically the compositions of extra-solar-system planets and brown dwarfs, and thereby learn more about the physics of these bodies.


Item Type:Article
Additional Information:© Institute of Physics and IOP Publishing Limited 1998. Received 17 August 1998. Print publication: Issue 49 (14 December 1998).
Subject Keywords:BROWN DWARFS, PSEUDOPOTENTIAL CALCULATIONS, GIANT PLANETS, HYDROGEN, JUPITER, SATURN, HELIUM, EVOLUTION, COMPANION, MIXTURES
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:STEjpcm98
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:STEjpcm98
Alternative URL:http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0953-8984/10/49/012
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:622
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:07 Sep 2005
Last Modified:26 Dec 2012 08:40

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