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An Engineering Application of Earthquake Early Warning: ePAD-Based Decision Framework for Elevator Control

Wu, Stephen and Cheng, Ming Hei and Beck, James L. and Heaton, Thomas H. (2016) An Engineering Application of Earthquake Early Warning: ePAD-Based Decision Framework for Elevator Control. Journal of Structural Engineering, 142 (1). Art. No. 04015092. ISSN 0733-9445. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20160108-125732803

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Abstract

In a medium-to-large earthquake, there are often reports of people being trapped or injured in elevators. This study investigates using an earthquake early warning (EEW) system, which provides seconds to tens of seconds warning before seismic waves arrive at a site, to help people escape from the elevators before a strong shaking arrives. However, such an application remains as a major engineering challenge due to the uncertainty of the EEW information and the short lead time available. A recent study presented an earthquake probability-based automated decision-making (ePAD) framework to address these issues. This paper focuses on studying the influence of two commonly ignored factors, uncertainty of warning and lead time, on the decision of stopping the elevators and opening the doors when an EEW message is received. Application of the ePAD framework requires using the performance-based earthquake engineering methodology for elevator damage prediction, making decision based on a cost-benefit model and reducing computational time with a surrogate model. The authors’ results show that ePAD can provide rational decisions for elevator control based on EEW information under different amounts of lead time and uncertainty level of the warning.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)ST.1943-541X.0001356DOIArticle
http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)ST.1943-541X.0001356.PublisherArticle
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Heaton, Thomas H.0000-0003-3363-2197
Additional Information:© 2015 American Society of Civil Engineers. Submitted: 6 July 2014; Accepted: 12 May 2015; Published: 03 July 2015. The authors would like to gratefully acknowledge funding from the U.S. Geological Survey and Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation for this project.
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
USGSUNSPECIFIED
Gordon and Betty Moore FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:Performance-based earthquake engineering; Elevator control; Surrogate model; Earthquake early warning; Decision-making; Safety and reliability
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20160108-125732803
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20160108-125732803
Official Citation:Wu, S., Cheng, M., Beck, J., and Heaton, T. (2015). "An Engineering Application of Earthquake Early Warning: ePAD-Based Decision Framework for Elevator Control." J. Struct. Eng., 10.1061/(ASCE)ST.1943-541X.0001356, 04015092
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:63514
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:09 Jan 2016 02:20
Last Modified:09 Jan 2016 02:20

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