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Discrete human dihydrofolate reductase gene transcripts present in polysomal RNA map with their 5' ends several hundred nucleotides upstream of the main mRNA start site

Masters, Jeffrey N. and Attardi, Giuseppe (1985) Discrete human dihydrofolate reductase gene transcripts present in polysomal RNA map with their 5' ends several hundred nucleotides upstream of the main mRNA start site. Molecular and Cellular Biology, 5 (3). pp. 493-500. ISSN 0270-7306. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:MASmcb85

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Abstract

The 5' ends of dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR)-specific transcripts have been mapped in the 5'-flanking region of the amplified DHFR gene of the human methotrexate-resistant cell line 6A3 by primer extension and S1 protection experiments. The main 5' end, at position -71 relative to the first nucleotide of the DHFR reading frame, corresponds to the recently identified main transcription initiation site for the DHFR gene and pertains to transcripts representing approximately 99% of the DHFR-specific polysomal polyadenylic acid-containing RNA, and including the previously described DHFR mRNAs with sizes of 3.8, 1.0, and 0.8 kilobases. At least six other minor 5' ends have been mapped to nucleotide positions -449 to -480 upstream of the DHFR gene and pertain to approximately 1% of the DHFR-specific polysomal polyadenylic acid-containing RNA. These upstream initiating transcripts appear to include five major discrete species with sizes of 4.3, 3.8, 3.1, 2.1, and 1.0 kilobases and four minor ones with sizes of 7.3, 5.0, 1.4, and 0.8 kilobases. These species, with the exception of those of 3.1- and 2.1-kilobase sizes, also have been found in VA2-B cells, the parental line of 6A3, and in HeLa cells. The upstream initiating transcripts present in all three cell lines are increased in amount in 6A3 cells as compared with the other cell lines, in about the same proportion as the three identified DHFR mRNAs.


Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Copyright © 1985 by the American Society for Microbiology. Received 24 September 1984/Accepted 13 December 1984 The investigations reported here were supported by Public Health Service grants GM11726 and T32 GM07616 from the National Institutes of Health and by the Earle C. Anthony Graduate Fellowship. The expert assistance of Caroline Anderson in some of the experiments reported here is gratefully acknowledged. The nuclear RNA utilized in this work was a generous gift of J. K. Yang. We are grateful to Benneta Keeley and Arger Drew for valuable technical help.
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:MASmcb85
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:MASmcb85
Alternative URL:http://mcb.asm.org/cgi/content/abstract/5/3/493
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ID Code:6362
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Deposited On:05 Dec 2006
Last Modified:26 Dec 2012 09:20

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