Lewis, Nathan S. (2016) Research opportunities to advance solar energy utilization. Science, 351 (6271). Art. No. aad1920. ISSN 0036-8075. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20160122-095830294
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Major developments, as well as remaining challenges and the associated research opportunities, are evaluated for three technologically distinct approaches to solar energy utilization: solar electricity, solar thermal, and solar fuels technologies. Much progress has been made, but research opportunities are still present for all approaches. Both evolutionary and revolutionary technology development, involving foundational research, applied research, learning by doing, demonstration projects, and deployment at scale will be needed to continue this technology-innovation ecosystem. Most of the approaches still offer the potential to provide much higher efficiencies, much lower costs, improved scalability, and new functionality, relative to the embodiments of solar energy-conversion systems that have been developed to date.
|Additional Information:||© 2016 American Association for the Advancement of Science. We acknowledge the NSF, CHE-1214152; the DOE Office of Science through the Joint Center for Artificial Photosynthesis, grant DE-SC0004993; and the DOE Office of Science, grant DE-FG02-03ER15483; and the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, grant 1225; for support that enabled the preparation of this Review, and M. Shaner for assistance in the preparation of this manuscript.|
|Official Citation:||N. S. Lewis, Science 351, aad5117 (2016). DOI: 10.1126/science.aad5117|
|Usage Policy:||No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.|
|Deposited By:||Tony Diaz|
|Deposited On:||22 Jan 2016 20:52|
|Last Modified:||22 Jan 2016 20:52|
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