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Introduction to the chemistry of fractionally charged atoms: Electronegativity

Lackner, Klaus S. and Zweig, George (1983) Introduction to the chemistry of fractionally charged atoms: Electronegativity. Physical Review D, 28 (7). pp. 1671-1691. ISSN 0556-2821. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:LACprd83

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Abstract

The behavior of massive fractionally charged particles in matter is governed by the laws of chemistry if electromagnetic interactions dominate at atomic distances. Chemical properties of such "quark atoms" can be predicted by interpolating isoelectronic sequences. The properties of quark atoms lie between those of a neutral atom and an ion. Electronegativity helps in the qualitative understanding of quark chemistry. Electronegativities, together with ionization potentials and electron affinities, are computed for the quark elements. The concepts of chemical analogy and isomorphism are introduced. Analogies based on shell structure and electronegativity are established. Many quark elements cannot be compared to a single ordinary element. They are chemical chimeras. An understanding of quark chemistry is essential for the design and interpretation of quark-search experiments. The impact of chemical reactions on quark impurities in matter can be monitored by observing the behavior of more abundant isomorphic control elements. Contrary to common belief, the chemical differences between a quark element and its ordinary counterpart are substantial.


Item Type:Article
Additional Information:©1983 The American Physical Society Received 6 August 1982 This work was supported in part by the National Science Foundation, the Fleischmann Foundation, and the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC03-81-ER40050.
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:LACprd83
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:LACprd83
Alternative URL:http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.28.1671
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:6412
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Archive Administrator
Deposited On:07 Dec 2006
Last Modified:26 Dec 2012 09:21

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