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Critical behavior of ion mobilities near the superfluid transition

Goodstein, D. and Savoia, A. and Scaramuzzi, F. (1974) Critical behavior of ion mobilities near the superfluid transition. Physical Review A, 9 (5). pp. 2151-2166. ISSN 0556-2791. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:GOOpra70

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Abstract

Measurements are reported of the mobilities of helium ions in superfluid helium very close to the λ transition. The mobilities of both positive and negative ions appear to be singular in the sense of having infinite slope at the transition. The measurements are made by a new differential technique, based on the space-charge-limited method, which makes possible a sensitivity to changes in mobility of the order of parts in 104. This allows mobility measurements into the range |ε|<10-4, where ε=(T/Tλ)-1. Most of the reported measurements are taken along isotherms which cross the λ line at elevated pressures, although a series at saturated vapor pressure is also reported. Means of transforming the data between various thermodynamic paths are discussed. Uncertainty as to which thermodynamic path should be considered fundamental together with experimental problems in the technique at this stage in its development make quantitative assessment of the singularity difficult. However, if we assume a limiting form (μ-μλ)/μλ∼(-ε)ρ′, where μ is the mobility and μλ its value at the transition, we find for the exponent ρ′=0.94±0.02.


Item Type:Article
Additional Information:©1974 The American Physical Society. Received 9 January 1974. We are happy to acknowledge that we have benefited from the skilled technical assistance of Luciano Mori and from some very enjoyable discussions with Dr. Guenther Ahlers.
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:GOOpra70
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:GOOpra70
Alternative URL:http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.9.2151
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:6783
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:21 Dec 2006
Last Modified:26 Dec 2012 09:24

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