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Pertussis Toxin-sensitive Activation of Phospholipase C by the C5a and fMet-Leu-Phe Receptors

Jiang, Huiping and Kuang, Yanan and Wu, Yanping and Smrcka, Alan and Simon, Melvin I. and Wu, Dianqing (1996) Pertussis Toxin-sensitive Activation of Phospholipase C by the C5a and fMet-Leu-Phe Receptors. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 271 (23). pp. 13430-13434. ISSN 0021-9258. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:JIAjbc96

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Abstract

Signal transduction pathways that mediate C5a and fMet-Leu-Phe (fMLP)-induced pertussis toxin (PTx)-sensitive activation of phospholipase C (PLC) have been investigated using a cotransfection assay system in COS-7 cells. The abilities of the receptors for C5a and fMLP to activate PLC beta 2 and PLC beta 3 through the Gbeta gamma subunits of endogenous Gi proteins in COS-7 cells were tested because both PLC beta 2 and PLC beta 3 were shown to be activated by the beta gamma subunits of G proteins in in vitro reconstitution assays. Neither of the receptors can activate endogenous PLC beta 3 or recombinant PLC beta 3 in transfected COS-7 cells. However, both receptors can clearly activate PLC beta 2 in a PTx-sensitive manner, suggesting that the receptors may interact with endogenous PTx-sensitive G proteins and activate PLC beta 2 probably through the Gbeta gamma subunits. These findings were further corroborated by the results that PLC beta 3 could only be slightly activated by Gbeta 1gamma 1 or Gbeta 1gamma 5 in the cotransfection assay, whereas the Gbeta gamma subunits strongly activated PLC beta 2 under the same conditions. PLC beta 3 can be activated by Galpha q, Galpha 11, and Galpha 16 in the cotransfection assay. In addition, the Ggamma 2 and Ggamma 3 mutants with substitution of the C-terminal Cys residue by a Ser residue, which can inhibit wild type Gbeta gamma -mediated activation of PLC beta 2, were able to inhibit C5a or fMLP-mediated activation of PLC beta 2. These Ggamma mutants, however, showed little effect on m1-muscarinic receptor-mediated PLC activation, which is mediated by the Gq class of G proteins. These results all confirm that the Gbeta gamma subunits are involved in PLC beta 2 activation by the two chemoattractant receptors and suggest that in COS-7 cells activation of PLC beta 3 by Gbeta gamma may not be the primary pathway for the receptors.


Item Type:Article
Additional Information:©1996 by The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc. (Received for publication, February 15, 1996) This work was supported by National Institutes of Health grants (to D.W., and M.I.S.) and by an American Cancer Society Institutional Grant IRG-18 (to H.J.). The costs of publication of this article were defrayed in part by the payment of page charges. The article must therefore be hereby marked "advertisement" in accordance with 18 U.S.C. Section 1734 solely to indicate this fact.
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:JIAjbc96
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:JIAjbc96
Alternative URL:http://www.jbc.org/cgi/content/abstract/271/23/13430
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:7639
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Archive Administrator
Deposited On:15 Mar 2007
Last Modified:26 Dec 2012 09:33

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