Nabel, Gary J. and Gorka, Carolyn and Baltimore, David (1988) T-cell-specific expression of interleukin 2: evidence for a negative regulatory site. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 85 (9). pp. 2934-2938. ISSN 0027-8424. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:NABpnas88
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To understand the basis for T-cell-specific induction of interleukin 2 (IL-2), we have analyzed nuclear factors from the Jurkat T-lymphoid leukemia cell, which can be induced to secrete IL-2. We have used an electrophoretic mobility shift assay to examine binding of proteins to the upstream regulatory region, before and after activation with mitogens. We find two types of binding sites. One resembles an inducible enhancer element, but the protein that recognizes it is found in non-T cells and is unlikely to determine T-cell-specific expression of IL-2. A second site negatively regulates expression in resting T cells. A complex that binds to a DNA fragment containing this site is modified only when IL-2 is expressed, and it lies near a specific inducible DNase hypersensitive region. We suggest that negative regulation at this site, mediated by its associated protein(s), may contribute to the cell-specific expression of IL-2.
|Additional Information:||© 1988 by the National Academy of Sciences. Contributed by David Baltimore, December 28, 1987. The authors thank L. Staudt and R. Sen for providing various nuclear extracts, Ginger Pierce and Bernice Bishop for typing of the manuscript, L. Staudt and M. Gilman for helpful discussions, and Marilyn Smith for careful review of the paper. The publication costs of this article were defrayed in part by page charge payment. This article must therefore be hereby marked "advertisement" in accordance with 18 U.S.C. §1734 solely to indicate this fact.|
|Subject Keywords:||repression; DNA-binding protein; transcription; T-cell activation|
|Usage Policy:||No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.|
|Deposited By:||Tony Diaz|
|Deposited On:||17 Aug 2007|
|Last Modified:||26 Dec 2012 09:39|
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