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Sound attenuation in a condensing vapor

Marble, Frank E. and Wooten, David C. (1970) Sound attenuation in a condensing vapor. Physics of Fluids, 13 (11). pp. 2657-2664. ISSN 0031-9171. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:MARpof70

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Abstract

The process of acoustic attenuation in a condensing medium is investigated using a continuumlike formulation that allows for the phase-exchange process. The liquid phase is assumed sufficiently disperse so that the field may be treated as a continuum. The elementary relaxation processes associated with droplet velocity, temperature, and vapor pressure equilibration are equally important in determining the attenuation when vapor, liquid, and inert gas mass fractions are of the same order. When the liquid mass fraction is small, however, a strong attenuation band appears at low frequencies. This attenuation process involves a coupled relaxation process in which heat transfer and vaporization processes combine to change the temperature of the relatively large gas mass. This attenuation band (i) centers on a frequency that is proportional to the concentration of liquid, and (ii) has a maximum value that varies directly as the concentration of condensible vapor and roughly as the square of the latent heat of vaporization. When the concentrations of liquid and condensible vapor are both small, the low-frequency attenuation band is nearly isolated and may be described in a convenient analytical manner.


Item Type:Article
Additional Information:©1970 American Institute of Physics. Received 24 April 1970. This work was performed with the financial support of the Aerospace Research Laboratories, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Contract F33615-69-C-1069.
Group:Guggenheim Jet Propulsion Center
Other Numbering System:
Other Numbering System NameOther Numbering System ID
Guggenheim Jet Propulsion CenterUNSPECIFIED
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:MARpof70
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:MARpof70
Alternative URL:http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.1692847
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:8605
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:22 Aug 2007
Last Modified:26 Dec 2012 09:40

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