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Real-time seismology and earthquake damage mitigation

Kanamori­, Hiroo (2005) Real-time seismology and earthquake damage mitigation. Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences, 33 . pp. 195-214. ISSN 0084-6597. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:KANareps05

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Abstract

Real-time seismology refers to a practice in which seismic data are collected and analyzed quickly after a significant seismic event, so that the results can be effectively used for postearthquake emergency response and early warning. As the technology of seismic instrumentation, telemetry, computers, and data storage facility advances, the real-time seismology for rapid postearthquake notification is essentially established. Research for early warning is still underway. Two approaches are possible: (a) regional warning and (b) on-site (or site-specific) warning. In (a), the traditional seismological method is used to locate an earthquake, determine the magnitude, and estimate the ground motion at other sites. In (b), the beginning of the ground motion (mainly P wave) observed at a site is used to predict the ensuing ground motion at the same site. An effective approach to on-site warning is discussed in light of earthquake rupture physics.


Item Type:Article
Additional Information:"Reprinted, with permission, from the Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Volume 33 copyright 2005 by Annual Reviews, www.annualreviews.org" First published online as a Review in Advance on December 2, 2004. I thank Willie Lee and Yih-Min Wu for reading the draft manuscript and providing me with helpful information and comments. The seismograms used in this study are provided by the Central Weather Bureau of Taiwan (Taiwan strong-motion records); the National Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention, Japan (K-net and KiK-net); Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (ocean-bottom accelerograph); the California Institute of Technology (TriNet), and the Southern California Earthquake Center, Data Center (TriNet).
Subject Keywords:earthquake early warning, earthquake rupture, earthquake prediction, hazard mitigation, structural control, early warning system, strong-motion data, September Chi-Chi, nucleation phase, 1994 Northridge, California, rupture, Taiwan, magnitude, inversion
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:KANareps05
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:KANareps05
Alternative URL:http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev.earth.33.092203.122626
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:892
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:03 Nov 2005
Last Modified:26 Dec 2012 08:41

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