Houseworth, J. E. (1984) Shear dispersion and residence time for laminar flow in capillary tubes. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 142 . pp. 289308. ISSN 00221120. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:HOUjfm84

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Abstract
The behaviour of passive tracer particles in capillary Poiseuille flow is investigated with regard to the residence time in short axial sections of length z, in which z/a < Va/D, where a is the capillary radius, V is the mean velocity and D the coefficient of molecular diffusion. While methods exist for calculating moments of the crosssectionally averaged axial concentration distribution as a function of time (e.g. Smith 1982b), much less is known about the distribution of residence time as a function of axial distance. An approximate theoretical solution for point sources in highPécletnumber flows reveals that the mean residence time [left angle bracket]t(z)[right angle bracket], which is asymptotic to z/V0 near the source, will then rise faster than z/V0 before converging to z/V for large z, provided the source is not at the capillary wall. V0 is the advective velocity at the point of release. The variance [left angle bracket]t2(z)[right angle bracket] is found to increase initially in proportion to z3 provided the source is not at the capillary wall or on the axis. A Monte Carlo method based on the solution to the diffusion equation in the capillarytube crosssection is developed to compute particle trajectories which are used to analyse both axial and residencetime distributions. The residencetime distribution is found to display significant changes in character as a function of axial position, for both point sources and a uniform flux of particles along the tube.
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Additional Information:  Copyright © 1984 Cambridge University Press. Reprinted with permission. (Received 30 June 1983 and in revised form 21 December 1983) The support and encouragement of Professor Norman Brooks is gratefully acknowledged. This research is funded by the Caltech Environmental Quality Laboratory through support from Andrew W. Mellon Foundation. 
Record Number:  CaltechAUTHORS:HOUjfm84 
Persistent URL:  http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:HOUjfm84 
Alternative URL:  http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0022112084001117 
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