Lohmann, U. and Stier, P. and Hoose, C. and Ferrachat, S. and Kloster, S. and Roeckner, E. and Zhang, J. (2007) Cloud microphysics and aerosol indirect effects in the global climate model ECHAM5-HAM. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 7 (13). pp. 3425-3446. ISSN 1680-7316 http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:LOHacp07
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The double-moment cloud microphysics scheme from ECHAM4 that predicts both the mass mixing ratios and number concentrations of cloud droplets and ice crystals has been coupled to the size-resolved aerosol scheme ECHAM5-HAM. ECHAM5-HAM predicts the aerosol mass, number concentrations and mixing state. The simulated liquid, ice and total water content and the cloud droplet and ice crystal number concentrations as a function of temperature in stratiform mixed-phase clouds between 0 and −35° C agree much better with aircraft observations in the ECHAM5 simulations. ECHAM5 performs better because more realistic aerosol concentrations are available for cloud droplet nucleation and because the Bergeron-Findeisen process is parameterized as being more efficient. The total anthropogenic aerosol effect includes the direct, semi-direct and indirect effects and is defined as the difference in the top-of-the-atmosphere net radiation between present-day and pre-industrial times. It amounts to −1.9 W m^−2 in ECHAM5, when a relative humidity dependent cloud cover scheme and aerosol emissions representative for the years 1750 and 2000 from the AeroCom emission inventory are used. The contribution of the cloud albedo effect amounts to −0.7 W m^−2. The total anthropogenic aerosol effect is larger when either a statistical cloud cover scheme or a different aerosol emission inventory are employed because the cloud lifetime effect increases.
|Additional Information:||© Author(s) 2007. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License. Received: 22 February 2007 – Published in Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss.: 12 March 2007. Revised: 7 June 2007 – Accepted: 18 June 2007 – Published: 2 July 2007. The authors are grateful for financial support from NCCR Climate. They thank the four anonymous reviewers and J. Feichter for helpful comments and suggestions, J. Quaas and S. Kinne for providing satellite data, A. Korolev for providing the in-situ aircraft data, and the German Computing Centre (DKRZ) and Swiss Computing Centre (CSCS) for computing time.|
|Official Citation:||Lohmann, U., Stier, P., Hoose, C., Ferrachat, S., Kloster, S., Roeckner, E., and Zhang, J.: Cloud microphysics and aerosol indirect effects in the global climate model ECHAM5-HAM, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 7, 3425-3446, 2007.|
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|Deposited By:||Archive Administrator|
|Deposited On:||20 Nov 2007|
|Last Modified:||26 Dec 2012 09:46|
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