Morielli, Anthony D. and Matera, Eugene M. and Kovac, Mark P. and Shrum, Richard G. and McCormack, Kenneth J. and Davis, W. Jackson (1986) Cholinergic suppression: A postsynaptic mechanism of long-term associative learning. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 83 (12). pp. 4556-4560. ISSN 0027-8424 http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:MORpnas86
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Food avoidance learning in the mollusc Pleurobranchaea entails reduction in the responsiveness of key brain interneurons in the feeding neural circuitry, the paracerebral feeding command interneurons (PCNs), to the neurotransmitter acetylcholine (AcCho). Food stimuli applied to the oral veil of an untrained animal depolarize the PCNs and induce the feeding motor program (FMP). Atropine (a muscarinic cholinergic antagonist) reversibly blocks the food-induced depolarization of the PCNs, implicating AcCho as the neurotransmitter mediating food detection. AcCho applied directly to PCN somata depolarizes them, indicating that the PCN soma membrane contains AcCho receptors and induces the FMP in the isolated central nervous system preparation. The AcCho response of the PCNs is mediated by muscariniclike receptors, since comparable depolarization is induced by muscarinic agonists (acetyl-ß -methylcholine, oxotremorine, pilocarpine), but not nicotine, and blocked by muscarinic antagonists (atropine, trifluoperazine). The nicotinic antagonist hexamethonium, however, blocked the AcCho response in four of six cases. When specimens are trained to suppress feeding behavior using a conventional food-avoidance learning paradigm (conditionally paired food and shock), AcCho applied to PCNs in the same concentration as in untrained animals causes little or no depolarization and does not initiate the FMP. Increasing the concentration of AcCho 10-100 times, however, induces weak PCN depolarization in trained specimens, indicating that learning diminishes but does not fully abolish AcCho responsiveness of the PCNs. This study proposes a cellular mechanism of long-term associative learning -- namely, postsynaptic modulation of neurotransmitter responsiveness in central neurons that could apply also to mammalian species.
|Additional Information:||© 1986 by the National Academy of Sciences. Communicated by Kenneth V. Thimann, December 23, 1985. We are indebted to Dr. Francoise Dubas for technical assistance and to Ms. Tracy Karrer and Mr. Paul Volk for reading and criticizing the manuscript. This research was supported by National Institutes of Health Research Grant NS09050 and Department of Defense University Equipment Grant DAAG29-83-G-0071 to W.J.D. The publication costs of this article were defrayed in part by page charge payment. This article must therefore be hereby marked "advertisement" in accordance with 18 U.S.C. §1734 solely to indicate this fact.|
|Subject Keywords:||acetylcholine; food avoidance learning; muscarinic; gastropod|
|Usage Policy:||No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.|
|Deposited By:||Tony Diaz|
|Deposited On:||05 Dec 2007|
|Last Modified:||26 Dec 2012 09:47|
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