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Investigation of interface orientation and interface mixing in spin valve heterostructures

Joo, Hyun Sung and Atwater, Harry A. (1995) Investigation of interface orientation and interface mixing in spin valve heterostructures. IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, 31 (6, pt.). pp. 3946-3948. ISSN 0018-9464. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:JOOieeetm95

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Abstract

We have investigated magnetoresistance properties of (100) epitaxial, (111) textured and polycrystalline spin valve heterostructures on (100) Si substrates by UHV ion beam sputtering at room temperature. Magnetoresistance was measured as a function of Cu interlayer thickness (ti) with 10 Å <= ti <= 100 Å and the maximum was found at 20 Å in the case of (100) epitaxial spin valves. Highly (111) textured spin valves with heterostructure configurations similar to (100) spin valves were found to have a slightly lower magnetoresistance than (100) heterostructures, but a very similar functional dependence of magnetoresistance on ti. Interface mixing during the sputtering process by energetic neutral bombardment was found to significantly affect the magnetoresistance. Samples were made under various sputtering conditions (gas pressure, ion beam energy, target and substrate configuration) that could enhance or suppress high energy neutral bombardment of the growing film surface. Samples made under the conditions that suppressed neutral bombardment showed higher magnetoresistance and more abrupt interfaces as confirmed by small angle X-ray diffraction (SAXD) analysis of interface mixing by energetic neutral bombardment during sputter deposition.


Item Type:Article
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Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:JOOieeetm95
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ID Code:976
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Deposited On:17 Nov 2005
Last Modified:26 Dec 2012 08:42

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