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TOI-150b and TOI-163b: two transiting hot Jupiters, one eccentric and one inflated, revealed by TESS near and at the edge of the JWST CVZ

Kossakowski, Diana and Ciardi, David R. (2019) TOI-150b and TOI-163b: two transiting hot Jupiters, one eccentric and one inflated, revealed by TESS near and at the edge of the JWST CVZ. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 490 (1). pp. 1094-1110. ISSN 0035-8711. doi:10.1093/mnras/stz2433.

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We present the discovery of TYC9191-519-1b (TOI-150b, TIC 271893367) and HD271181b (TOI-163b, TIC 179317684), two hot Jupiters initially detected using 30-min cadence Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS) photometry from Sector 1 and thoroughly characterized through follow-up photometry (CHAT, Hazelwood, LCO/CTIO, El Sauce, TRAPPIST-S), high-resolution spectroscopy (FEROS, CORALIE), and speckle imaging (Gemini/DSSI), confirming the planetary nature of the two signals. A simultaneous joint fit of photometry and radial velocity using a new fitting package JULIET reveals that TOI-150b is a 1.254±0.016 R_J⁠, massive (⁠2.61^(+0.19)_(−0.12) M_J) hot Jupiter in a 5.857-d orbit, while TOI-163b is an inflated (⁠R_P = 1.478^(+0.022)_(−0.029) R_J⁠, M_P = 1.219±0.11M_J) hot Jupiter on a P = 4.231-d orbit; both planets orbit F-type stars. A particularly interesting result is that TOI-150b shows an eccentric orbit (⁠e = 0.262^(+0.045)_(−0.037)⁠), which is quite uncommon among hot Jupiters. We estimate that this is consistent, however, with the circularization time-scale, which is slightly larger than the age of the system. These two hot Jupiters are both prime candidates for further characterization – in particular, both are excellent candidates for determining spin-orbit alignments via the Rossiter–McLaughlin (RM) effect and for characterizing atmospheric thermal structures using secondary eclipse observations considering they are both located closely to the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) Continuous Viewing Zone (CVZ).

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Ciardi, David R.0000-0002-5741-3047
Additional Information:© 2019 The Author(s) Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society. This article is published and distributed under the terms of the Oxford University Press, Standard Journals Publication Model ( Accepted 2019 August 3. Received 2019 July 29; in original form 2019 April 8. Published: 17 September 2019. Funding for the TESS mission is provided by NASA’s Science Mission directorate. We acknowledge the use of TESS Alert data, which is currently in a beta test phase, from pipelines at the TESS Science Office and at the TESS Science Processing Operations Center. This research has made use of the Exoplanet Follow-up Observation Program website as well as the Exoplanet archive, which is operated by the California Institute of Technology, under contract with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration under the Exoplanet Exploration Program. This paper includes data collected by the TESS mission, which are publicly available from the Mikulski Archive for Space Telescopes (MAST). DK would like to acknowledge the support from the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft for the Research Unit FOR2544 ‘Blue Planets around Red Stars’. NE would like to thank the Gruber Foundation for its generous support to this research. RB, AJ, and FR acknowledge support from the Ministry for the Economy, Development, and Tourism’s Programa Iniciativa Científica Milenio through grant IC 120009, awarded to the Millennium Institute of Astrophysics (MAS). RB acknowledges additional support from FONDECYT Postdoctoral Fellowship Project 3180246. AJ acknowledges additional support from FONDECYT project 1171208. TRAPPIST-South is funded by the Belgian Fund for Scientific Research (Fond National de la Recherche Scientifique, FNRS) under the grant FRFC 2.5.594.09.F, with the participation of the Swiss National Science Fundation (NSF). MG and EJ are FNRS Senior Research Associates. Based on observations made with Differential Speckle Survey Instrument (DSSI) and obtained at the Gemini Observatory, which is operated by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy, Inc., under a cooperative agreement with the NSF on behalf of the Gemini partnership: the National Science Foundation (United States), National Research Council (Canada), Comisión Nacional de Investigación Científica y Tecnológica (CONICYT, Chile), Ministerio de Ciencia, Tecnología e Innovación Productiva (Argentina), Ministério da Ciência, Tecnologia e Inovação (Brazil), and Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute (Republic of Korea). We would also like to personally thank Jen Winters, Dan Nusdeo, and Zack Hartman for taking the DSSI observations. IJMC acknowledges support from the NSF through grant AST-1824644. This publication was made possible through the support of a grant from the John Templeton Foundation. The opinions expressed in this publication are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the John Templeton Foundation.
Group:Infrared Processing and Analysis Center (IPAC)
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG)UNSPECIFIED
Gruber FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Iniciativa Científica Milenio del Ministerio de Economía, Fomento y TurismoIC120009
Fondo Nacional de Desarrollo Científico y Tecnológico (FONDECYT)3180246
Fondo Nacional de Desarrollo Científico y Tecnológico (FONDECYT)1171208
Fond National de la Recherche Scientifique (FNRS)FRFC 2.5.594.09.F
Swiss National Science Fundation (SNSF)UNSPECIFIED
John Templeton FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:techniques: photometric – planets and satellites: detection – stars: individual: HD271181 – stars: individual: TIC 179317684 – stars: individual: TIC 271893367 – stars: individual: TYC9191-519-1
Issue or Number:1
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20191206-085049592
Persistent URL:
Official Citation:Diana Kossakowski, Néstor Espinoza, Rafael Brahm, Andrés Jordán, Thomas Henning, Felipe Rojas, Martin Kürster, Paula Sarkis, Martin Schlecker, Francisco J Pozuelos, Khalid Barkaoui, Emmanuël Jehin, Michaël Gillon, Elisabeth Matthews, Elliott P Horch, David R Ciardi, Ian J M Crossfield, Erica Gonzales, Steve B Howell, Rachel Matson, Joshua Schlieder, Jon Jenkins, George Ricker, Sara Seager, Joshua N Winn, Jie Li, Mark E Rose, Jeffrey C Smith, Scott Dynes, Ed Morgan, Jesus Noel Villasenor, David Charbonneau, Tess Jaffe, Liang Yu, Gaspar Bakos, Waqas Bhatti, François Bouchy, Karen A Collins, Kevin I Collins, Zoltan Csubry, Phil Evans, Eric L N Jensen, Christophe Lovis, Maxime Marmier, Louise D Nielsen, David Osip, Francesco Pepe, Howard M Relles, Damien Ségransan, Avi Shporer, Chris Stockdale, Vincent Suc, Oliver Turner, Stéphane Udry, TOI-150b and TOI-163b: two transiting hot Jupiters, one eccentric and one inflated, revealed by TESS near and at the edge of the JWST CVZ, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Volume 490, Issue 1, November 2019, Pages 1094–1110,
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:100222
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:06 Dec 2019 18:08
Last Modified:16 Nov 2021 17:52

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