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Photovoltaic operation in the lower atmosphere and at the surface of Venus

Grandidier, Jonathan and Kirk, Alexander P. and Jahelka, Phillip and Stevens, Margaret A. and Gogna, Pawan K. and Crisp, David and Osowski, Mark L. and Vandervelde, Thomas E. and Atwater, Harry A. and Cutts, James A. (2020) Photovoltaic operation in the lower atmosphere and at the surface of Venus. Progress in Photovoltaics: Research and Applications, 28 (6). pp. 545-553. ISSN 1062-7995. doi:10.1002/pip.3214.

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Low‐intensity high‐temperature (LIHT) solar cells are needed for extended photovoltaic power generation in both the lower atmosphere as well as at the surface of Venus. Double‐junction GaInP/GaAs solar cells that may be able to operate and survive, with suitable encapsulation, for several weeks on the 465°C Venus surface have been developed. These solar cells have been optimized for operation under the Venus solar spectrum, which is different from that of the Earth.

Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
Grandidier, Jonathan0000-0002-3384-6083
Jahelka, Phillip0000-0002-1460-7933
Stevens, Margaret A.0000-0002-9856-3842
Crisp, David0000-0002-4573-9998
Vandervelde, Thomas E.0000-0003-3696-2765
Atwater, Harry A.0000-0001-9435-0201
Cutts, James A.0000-0002-1765-8322
Additional Information:© 2019 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Received: 27 June 2019; Revised: 24 September 2019; Accepted: 15 October 2019. The authors would like to thank J.A. Schwartz and A. Boca for useful inputs. The research was carried out at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, at MicroLink Devices Inc., at the California Institute of Technology, and at Tufts University. This work was supported by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) through the ROSES16 HOTTech Program in the Science Mission Directorate. The work of M.A. Stevens was supported by the NASA Space Technology Research Fellowship through Award NNX15AQ79H. This work was performed, in part, at the Center for Nanoscale Systems (CNS), a member of the National Nanotechnology Coordinated Infrastructure (NNCI) Network, which is supported by the National Science Foundation under NSF award no. 1541959. CNS is part of Harvard University. This project was also supported by the Caltech Space Solar Power Project.
Group:Space Solar Power Project
Funding AgencyGrant Number
NASA Space Technology Research FellowshipNNX15AQ79H
Space Solar Power ProjectUNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:high‐temperature photovoltaics, multi‐junction solar cells, Venus exploration missions
Issue or Number:6
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20191212-141622424
Persistent URL:
Official Citation:Grandidier J, Kirk AP, Jahelka P, et al. Photovoltaic operation in the lower atmosphere and at the surface of Venus. Prog Photovolt Res Appl. 2020; 28:545–553.
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:100280
Deposited By: George Porter
Deposited On:16 Dec 2019 15:52
Last Modified:16 Nov 2021 17:52

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