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The US Program in Ground-Based Gravitational Wave Science: Contribution from the LIGO Laboratory

Reitze, David and Abbott, Richard and Adams, Carl and Adhikari, Rana and Aggarwal, Nancy and Anand, Shreya and Ananyeva, Alena and Anderson, Stuart and Appert, Stephen and Arai, Koji and Araya, Melody and Aston, Stuart and Barayoga, Juan and Barish, Barry and Barker, David and Barsotti, Lisa and Bartlett, Jeffrey and Betzwieser, Joseph and Billingsley, Garilynn and Biscans, Sebastien and Biscoveanu, Sylvia and Blackburn, Kent and Blair, Carl and Blair, Ryan and Bockelman, Brian and Bork, Rolf and Bramley, Alyssa and Brooks, Aidan and Brunett, Sharon and Buikema, Aaron and Cahillane, Craig and Callister, Thomas and Carruthers, Tom and Clara, Filiberto and Corban, Paul and Coughlin, Michael and Couvares, Peter and Cowart, Matthew and Coyne, Dennis and Demos, Nicholas and Donovan, Fred and Driggers, Jenne and Dwyer, Sheila and Effler, Anamaria and Eisenstein, Robert and Etzel, Todd and Evans, Matthew and Evans, Tom and Feicht, Jon and Fernandez-Galiana, Alvaro and Fritschel, Peter and Frolov, Valery and Fyffe, Michael and Gateley, Bubba and Giaime, Joe and Giardina, Dwayne and Goetz, Evan and Gossan, Sarah and Gras, Slawomir and Grassia, Philippe and Gray, Corey and Gupta, Anchal and Gustafson, Eric and Guthman, Les and Hall, Evan and Hanks, Jonathan and Hanson, Joe and Hasskew, Raine and Haster, Carl-Johan and Heintze, Matthew and Hernandez, Edgar and Holt, Kathy and Huang, Yiwen and Huynh-Dinh, Tien and Isi, Max and Jones, Jeff and Kamai, Brittany and Kanner, Jonah and Kasprzack, Marie and Katsavounidis, Erik and Katzman, William and Kawabe, Keita and King, Peter and Kissel, Jeffrey and Kondrashov, Veronica and Korth, William and Kozak, Dan and Kumar, Rahul and Landry, Michael and Lane, Benjamin and Lanza, Robert and Laxen, Michael and Lazzarini, Albert and Lecoeuche, Yannick and Libbrecht, Ken and Lo, Ka-Lok and London, Lionel and Lormand, Marc and MacInnis, Myron and Mansell, Georgia and Markowitz, Aaron and Maros, Ed and Marx, Jay and Mason, Ken and Massinger, Thomas and Matichard, Fabrice and Mavalvala, Nergis and McCarthy, Richard and McCormick, Scott and McCuller, Lee and McIver, Jessica and Mendell, Gregory and Merilh, Edmond and Meshkov, Sydney and Mittleman, Richard and Moraru, Dan and Moreno, Gerardo and Mullavey, Adam and Nelson, Timothy and Ng, Kwan-Yeung and Noh, Minkyun and O'Reilly, Brian and Oberling, Jason and Oram, Richard and Osthelder, Charles and Overmier, Harry and Parker, William and Pedraza, Mike and Pele, Arnaud and Perez, Carlos and Petterson, Danielle and Pirello, Marc and Raab, Fred and Radkins, Hugh and Mohapatra, Satyanarayan Ray Pitambar and Richardson, Jonathan and Robertson, Norna and Rollins, Jameson and Romel, Chandra and Romie, Janeen and Ryan, Kyle and Sadecki, Travis and Sanchez, Eduardo and Sanchez, Luis and Savage, Richard and Schaetzl, Dean and Sellers, Danny and Shaffer, Thomas and Shoemaker, David and Sigg, Daniel and Strunk, Amber and Sudhir, Vivishek and Sun, Ling and Tao, Duo and Taylor, Robert and Thomas, Michael and Thomas, Patrick and Thorne, Keith and Torrie, Calum and Traylor, Gary and Trudeau, Randy and Tse, Maggie and Vajente, Gabriele and Vass, Steve and Venugopalan, Gautam and Vitale, Salvatore and Vorvick, Cheryl and Wade, Andrew and Wallace, Larry and Warner, Jim and Weaver, Betsy and Weinstein, Alan and Weiss, Rainer and Whitcomb, Stan and Whittle, Chris and Willis, Joshua and Wipf, Christopher and Xiao, Sophia and Yamamoto, Hiro and Yu, Hang and Yu, Haocun and Zhang, Liyuan and Zucker, Michael and Zweizig, John (2019) The US Program in Ground-Based Gravitational Wave Science: Contribution from the LIGO Laboratory. Astro2020 Science White Paper, . (Unpublished) https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20191217-095908525

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Abstract

Recent gravitational-wave observations from the LIGO and Virgo observatories have brought a sense of great excitement to scientists and citizens the world over. Since September 2015,10 binary black hole coalescences and one binary neutron star coalescence have been observed. They have provided remarkable, revolutionary insight into the "gravitational Universe" and have greatly extended the field of multi-messenger astronomy. At present, Advanced LIGO can see binary black hole coalescences out to redshift 0.6 and binary neutron star coalescences to redshift 0.05. This probes only a very small fraction of the volume of the observable Universe. However, current technologies can be extended to construct "3rd Generation" (3G) gravitational-wave observatories that would extend our reach to the very edge of the observable Universe. The event rates over such a large volume would be in the hundreds of thousands per year (i.e. tens per hour). Such 3G detectors would have a 10-fold improvement in strain sensitivity over the current generation of instruments, yielding signal-to-noise ratios of 1000 for events like those already seen. Several concepts are being studied for which engineering studies and reliable cost estimates will be developed in the next 5 years.


Item Type:Report or Paper (White Paper)
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://arxiv.org/abs/1903.04615arXivDiscussion Paper
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Adhikari, Rana0000-0002-5731-5076
Arai, Koji0000-0001-8916-8915
Billingsley, Garilynn0000-0002-4141-2744
Biscans, Sebastien0000-0002-9635-7527
Blackburn, Kent0000-0002-3838-2986
Brooks, Aidan0000-0003-4295-792X
Callister, Thomas0000-0001-9892-177X
Coughlin, Michael0000-0002-8262-2924
Coyne, Dennis0000-0002-6427-3222
Gossan, Sarah0000-0002-8138-9198
Gupta, Anchal0000-0002-1762-9644
Hall, Evan0000-0001-9018-666X
Isi, Max0000-0001-8830-8672
Kamai, Brittany0000-0001-6521-9351
Kanner, Jonah0000-0001-8115-0577
Kissel, Jeffrey0000-0002-1702-9577
Korth, William0000-0003-3527-1348
Libbrecht, Ken0000-0002-8744-3298
Massinger, Thomas0000-0002-3429-5025
McIver, Jessica0000-0003-0316-1355
Richardson, Jonathan0000-0002-1472-4806
Sun, Ling0000-0001-7959-892X
Vajente, Gabriele0000-0002-7656-6882
Weinstein, Alan0000-0002-0928-6784
Xiao, Sophia0000-0003-2703-449X
Yu, Hang0000-0002-7600-1582
Zhang, Liyuan0000-0002-0898-787X
Zucker, Michael0000-0002-2544-1596
Zweizig, John0000-0002-1521-3397
Group:LIGO
Series Name:Astro2020 Science White Paper
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20191217-095908525
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20191217-095908525
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:100326
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:17 Dec 2019 19:05
Last Modified:09 Mar 2020 13:19

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