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Petermann-factor sensitivity limit near an exceptional point in a Brillouin ring laser gyroscope

Wang, Heming and Lai, Yu-Hung and Yuan, Zhiquan and Suh, Myoung-Gyun and Vahala, Kerry (2020) Petermann-factor sensitivity limit near an exceptional point in a Brillouin ring laser gyroscope. Nature Communications, 11 . Art. No. 1610. ISSN 2041-1723. PMCID PMC7109037. doi:10.1038/s41467-020-15341-6.

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Exceptional points are singularities of open systems, and among their many remarkable properties, they provide a way to enhance the responsivity of sensors. Here we show that the improved responsivity of a laser gyroscope caused by operation near an exceptional point is precisely compensated by increasing laser noise. The noise, of fundamental origin, is enhanced because the laser mode spectrum loses the oft-assumed property of orthogonality. This occurs as system eigenvectors coalesce near the exceptional point and a bi-orthogonal analysis confirms experimental observations. While the results do not preclude other possible advantages of the exceptional-point-enhanced responsivity, they do show that the fundamental sensitivity limit of the gyroscope is not improved through this form of operation. Besides being important to the physics of microcavities and non-Hermitian photonics, these results help clarify fundamental sensitivity limits in a specific class of exceptional-point sensor.

Item Type:Article
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URLURL TypeDescription CentralArticle Paper ItemConference Paper
Wang, Heming0000-0003-3861-0624
Lai, Yu-Hung0000-0002-9639-6569
Suh, Myoung-Gyun0000-0002-9527-0585
Vahala, Kerry0000-0003-1783-1380
Alternate Title:Petermann-factor limited sensing near an exceptional point
Additional Information:© 2020 The Author(s). This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this license, visit Received 06 November 2019; Accepted 28 February 2020; Published 31 March 2020. This work was supported by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) under PRIGM:AIMS program through SPAWAR (grant no. N66001-16-1-4046) and the Kavli Nanoscience Institute. Data availability: The data that support the plots within this paper and other findings of this study are available from the corresponding author upon reasonable request. Author Contributions: H.W., Y-H.L., and K.V. conceived the idea. H.W. derived the theory with feedback from Y-H.L., Z.Y., and K.V. Y-H.L. designed and perform the experiments with Z.Y. and H.W. Z.Y. analysed the data with Y-H.L. and H.W. M-G.S. fabricated the devices. All authors participated in writing the paper. K.V. supervised the research. The authors declare no competing interests.
Group:Kavli Nanoscience Institute
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA)UNSPECIFIED
Office of Naval Research (ONR)N66001-16-1-4046
Kavli Nanoscience InstituteUNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:Imaging and sensing; Microresonators; Nonlinear optics; Optical sensors
PubMed Central ID:PMC7109037
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20191218-102042495
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Official Citation:Wang, H., Lai, Y., Yuan, Z. et al. Petermann-factor sensitivity limit near an exceptional point in a Brillouin ring laser gyroscope. Nat Commun 11, 1610 (2020).
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:100346
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:18 Dec 2019 18:31
Last Modified:15 Feb 2022 23:39

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