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Aufbau und Temperatur der Stratosphäre

Gutenberg, B. (1931) Aufbau und Temperatur der Stratosphäre. Gerlands Beiträge zur Geophysik, 32 . pp. 87-94. ISSN 0016-8696. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20200103-145702256

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Abstract

Investigations on the structure of the stratosphere during the last years have completely changed our view. LINDEMAN-DOBSON have used observations of meteors to get new results; new results on the temperature of the stratosphere have been calculated considering the layer of ozone. The spectrum of the aurora polaris makes it clear that there must be nitrogen in the atmosphere up to heights of some 100 km and also oxygen must be present up to such heights, perhaps in an decreasing amount. No lines of hydrogen or helium have been observed. MARIS and EPSTEIN find by calculations that the atmosphere needs very long time to restore diffusion equilibrium if mixed. Finally PETERSEN has calculated that a gas which originates at the surface of the earth and leaves the atmosphere at the top, possibly according to the theory of JEANS, must form a considerable smaller fraction of the atmosphere in great heights than in the case of diffusion equilibrium. So we will not have large amounts of Helium or hydrogen at any height.


Item Type:Article
Additional Information:© 1931 Geest & Portig.
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Other Numbering System NameOther Numbering System ID
Balch Graduate School of the Geological Sciences56
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20200103-145702256
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20200103-145702256
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:100512
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:08 Jan 2020 20:11
Last Modified:08 Jan 2020 20:11

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