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Silicon-Based Photonic Crystals

Geppert, Torsten and Schilling, Joerge and Wehrspohn, Ralf and Gösele, Ulrich (2004) Silicon-Based Photonic Crystals. In: Silicon Photonics. Topics in Applied Physics. No.94. Springer , Berlin, pp. 295-322. ISBN 978-3-540-21022-1. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20200107-155919024

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Abstract

We introduce the concept of silicon-based photonic crystals with the main focus on the macroporous silicon material system. photonic crystals are the optical analog to electronic semiconductors. Due to their periodic modulation of the refractive index they exhibit a band-structure for photons propagating in the Photonic crystal. This photonic band structure and in particular the photonic band-gap provide a number of interesting effects for both fundamental research as well as applied physics. These effects include, e.g., forbidden propagation of photons for certain frequencies or a huge reduction of the group velocity. The macroporous silicon material system allows the fabrication of photonic crystals with high dielectric contrast and a variety of patterns as well as defect incorporation using lithographic prestructuring and subsequent photoelectrochemical etching. The etching process will be discussed and experimental results of two-and three-dimensional photonic crystals based on macroporous silicon will be presented and their optical properties will be explored.


Item Type:Book Section
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-39913-1_9DOIArticle
Additional Information:© 2004 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. First Online: 02 February 2004. The authors are gratefull to S. Schweizer, F. Müller, R. Hillebrand, A. Birner, C. Jamois, K. Busch, S. Leonard and H.M. van Driel for theoretical and experimental contributions. Funding by DFG within SPP1113 is gratefully acknowledged.
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG)SPP1113
Series Name:Topics in Applied Physics
Issue or Number:94
Classification Code:PACS: 42.70.-a; 84.40.Ua; 85.60.-q; 42.82.-m; 85.85.+j
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20200107-155919024
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20200107-155919024
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:100549
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:08 Jan 2020 18:24
Last Modified:08 Jan 2020 18:24

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