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Voyager 1 Measurements Beyond the Heliopause of Galactic Cosmic Ray Helium, Boron, Carbon, Oxygen, Magnesium, Silicon and Iron Nuclei with Energies 0.5 to >1.5 GeV/nuc

Webber, W. R. and Lal, N. and Stone, E. C. and Cummings, A. C. and Heikkila, B. (2017) Voyager 1 Measurements Beyond the Heliopause of Galactic Cosmic Ray Helium, Boron, Carbon, Oxygen, Magnesium, Silicon and Iron Nuclei with Energies 0.5 to >1.5 GeV/nuc. . (Unpublished) https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20200204-081707376

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Abstract

We have obtained the energy spectra of cosmic ray He, B, C, O, Mg, S and Fe nuclei in the range 0.5-1.5 GeV/nuc and above using the penetrating particle mode of the High Energy Telescope, part of the Cosmic Ray Science (CRS) experiment on Voyagers 1 and 2. The data analysis procedures are the same as those used to obtain similar spectra from the identical V2 HET telescope while it was in the heliosphere between about 23 and 54 AU. The time period of analysis includes 4 years of data beyond the heliopause (HP). These new interstellar spectra are compared with various earlier experiments at the same energies at the Earth to determine the solar modulation parameter, Φ. These new spectra are also compared with recent measurements of the spectra of the same nuclei measured by the same telescope at low energies. It is found that the ratio of intensities at 100 MeV/nuc to those at 1.0 GeV/nuc are significantly Z dependent. Some of this Z dependence can be explained by the Z² dependence of energy loss by ionization in the 7-10 g/cm² of interstellar H and He traversed by cosmic rays of these energies in the galaxy; some by the Z dependent loss due to nuclear interactions in this same material; some by possible differences in the source spectra of these nuclei and some by the non-uniformity of the source distribution and propagation conditions. The observed features of the spectra, also including a Z dependence of the peak intensities of the various nuclei, pose interesting problems related to the propagation and source distribution of these cosmic rays.


Item Type:Report or Paper (Discussion Paper)
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://arxiv.org/abs/1712.02818arXivDiscussion Paper
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Stone, E. C.0000-0002-2010-5462
Cummings, A. C.0000-0002-3840-7696
Additional Information:The authors are grateful to the Voyager team that designed and built the CRS experiment with the hope that one day it would measure the galactic spectra of nuclei and electrons. This includes the present team with Ed Stone as PI, Alan Cummings, Nand Lal and Bryant Heikkila, and to others who are no longer members of the team, F.B. McDonald and R.E. Vogt. Their prescience will not be forgotten. This work has been supported by NASA Grant NNN12AA01C.
Group:Space Radiation Laboratory
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
NASANNN12AA01C
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20200204-081707376
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20200204-081707376
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:101100
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:04 Feb 2020 17:23
Last Modified:04 Feb 2020 17:23

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